Zobel de Ayala Family
The Zobel de Ayala family is an influential Filipino family whose roots could be traced back to three great clans:
- The Ayala family from Spain’s northern mountainous region of Alava, Basque country. The great patriarch of the clan was Juan Larrazabal Ayala who was already an established landowner in 1475. A descendant of the family, Antonio de Ayala, sailed from Andalusia to Manila in the 1800s;
- The Roxas family was united with the Ayala family when Antonio de Ayala married Margarita Roxas, the daughter of his business partner Domingo Roxas, the founder of Roxas y Cia, the progenitor of Ayala Corporation. Domingo Roxas was a descendant of Mexican immigrant Antonio Fernandez de Roxas of Acapulco, who settled in the Philippines in 1695; and
- The Zobel family of Germany and Denmark. Dr. Johannes Andreas Zobelwas a German pharmacist who moved to Manila and established the first chemical laboratory of the Philippines in 1834. His grandson Jacobo Zobel y Zangroniz, the first Filipino-born Zobel, would latter marry Trinidad de Ayala, the daughter of Margarita Roxas de Ayala.
Henceforth the children of Jacobo and Trinidad Zobel, Enrique and Fernando would change their surname Zobel y Ayala, following the Spanish tradition of conjoining the paternal and maternal surnames to Zobel DE Ayala. In this manner they would preserve and perpetuate their maternal family's Spanish and Basque roots. Henceforth the descendants would choose to follow their example.
Today the Zobel de Ayalas own the Ayala Corporation, a giant conglomerate that controls leading companies in finance, real estate, utilities, and telecommunications. When Filipinos refer to the Ayalas, they are actually referring to the Zobel de Ayala family. Some of the companies the family owns are the Bank of the Philippine Islands, Ayala Land, Manila Water Company, and Globe Telecom. Ayala Corporation is also primarily responsible for developing a majority of Makati City's residential and commercial areas since the 1940s. Some of the notable residential sites attributed to the family's efforts are the Forbes Park, Dasmariñas Village, Bel-Air Village, San Lorenzo Village, Urdaneta Village and Magallanes Village. In addition, Ayala Corporation developed the center of Makati into a mixed-use development now known as Ayala Center and its surrounding throughfares (Ayala Avenue, Makati Avenue, Paseo de Roxas & Sen. Gil Puyat Ave,) which now comprises the Makati skyline.
The Zobel de Ayalas are among the three Filipino individuals/families listed in Forbes magazine's list of the world's richest people in 2006.
- Jacobo Zobel y Zangroniz (1842-1896) the first Filipino Zobel
- Don Enrique Zobel de Ayala (1877-1943), patriarch of the Zobel de Ayala family
- Fernando Zobel de Ayala y Montojo (1924–1984), the modern painter and arts patron
- Enrique Zobel y Olgado (1927–2004), former chief executive officer of Ayala Corporation
- Jaime Zobel de Ayala (born 1934), chairman emeritus of Ayala Corporation
- Mikael Enriquez Zobel Dais Ayala (2013-), chairperson of Ayala Corporation
- Jaime Augusto Zobel de Ayala II (born 1959)
- Fernando Zobel de Ayala y Miranda (born 1960)
- Consuelo Zobel de Ayala Alger (1914-?) philanthropist
- Ricardo Padilla y Satrustegui (1919-1999)-Hispanist and benefactor of Premio Zobel
- Brillantes, Lourdes. 81 Years of Premio Zobel. Georgina Padilla y Zobel, Makati: 2006.