Zamboanga is a 1937 Philippine film directed by Eduardo de Castro starring Fernando Poe and Rosa del Rosario and was produced by Filippine Films. It premiered in the United States on December 10, 1937. It was considered a "lost film" until the early 2000s when an original copy of the film was retrieved in Finland.
Zamboanga centers around a sea-faring tribe ruled by Datu Tanbuong which relied on pearl farming. Danao (Fernando Poe) is betrothed to the datu's granddaughter, Minda (Rosa del Rosario), the datu's granddaughter.
Hadji Razul, a leader of pirate Moro tribe kidnaps Minda which led to a tribal war between the groups of Tanbuong and Razul. The conflict ends with Danao rescuing Minda and the demise of Razul. Danao and Minda marries and sails into the sunset.
Zamboanga was produced by Filippine Films by American duo Frank Capra and Eddie Tait. The two hired Filipino-American Eduardo de Castro to direct the film with William H. Jansen fulfilling the role of the cameraman. Jansen was utilized for underwater videography for the film which was shot in 33mm. The film's principal photography began in 1936, taking place in Jolo island in Sulu for nine months. Negatives of the film were sent to Hollywood in April 1937 for post production. Louis R. Morse was responsible for Zamboanga's sound recording, Ralph Dixon for the editing and Edward Kilenyi Sr. did the musical score.
Zamboanga was produced for the United States market, where films with "exotic" setting was in demand at the time. It premiered in San Diego, California on December 10, 1937 and was also screened in New York. It was also reportedly screened in Europe, in countries such as Finland, France, and Spain. It was also screened in the Philippines at the Lyric Theater in Escolta, Manila after its premier in the United States.
Lost, retrieval, and preservation
The film was believed to be a "lost film" in the Philippines, until Nick Deocampo found an original copy of Zamboanga is available in the US Library of Congress. The copy itself, which in turn came from Finland, was repatriated back to the Philippines and was screened in the country as part of the 2004 Pelikula at Lipunan film festival. In 2017, the Film Development Council of the Philippines did a restoration on Zamboanga and keeps a copy of the film in its archive.
Filipino musicologist José Buenconsejo characterized Zamboanga as Orientalist; noting several inaccuracies with the actual local culture of Mindanao, the usage of a trope ( abduction of women from the seraglio, a narrative device popular in Europe in the 18th century in stories involving the Ottomans.) as well as the portrayal of the Moro, particularly the antagonist Hadji's side, as civilized yet still barbaric.
He also noted the authentic use of kulintang in the film but was critical of the incorporation of soft Javanese music with kulintang accompanying the scene depicting entertainment at Hadji's court. Buenconsejo also pointed out the usage of "Hawaiian" sound to establish the film's tropical setting. For the filming technique he praised the underwater shooting which he finds more advanced than Zamboanga's contemporaries Bird of Paradise and Tabu
- "‘Lost’ RP film found in US archive", National Commission for Culture and the Arts, February 23, 2004.
- Buenconsejo, José (February 2013). Tiongson, Nicanor (ed.). "Orientalism in the Narrative, Music and Myth of the Amok in the 1937 film Zamboanga". Plaridel. 10 (1): 31–32. ISSN 1656-2534.
- "The Amazing and Tragic Life of Fernando Poe Sr., the King of Kings of Philippine Movies", Esquire, July 3, 2019.
- "The many ‘firsts’ in Phl cinema", The Philippine Star, October 2, 2014.
- "Cine Sandaan: 10 Iconic Films That Shaped Philippine Cinema", Tatler Philippines, October 9, 2019. (in en-PH)
- "The Heroes of Philippine Film Archiving", Manila Bulletin, April 7, 2018.
- "The vision for FDCP’s Philippine Film Archive", Film Development Council of the Philippines. (in en)
- Buenconsejo, José (February 2013). Tiongson, Nicanor (ed.). "Orientalism in the Narrative, Music and Myth of the Amok in the 1937 film Zamboanga". Plaridel. 10 (1): 34–35. ISSN 1656-2534.