Walden Bello

From Wikipilipinas
Jump to navigation Jump to search

To read this article in Filipino, see this link.

Walden.jpg

Walden Flores Bello (born November 11, 1945) is an academic, activist, and former member of the House of Representatives with the Akbayan party-list. He is currently an international adjunct professor at Binghamton University[1] and was a professor of sociology and public administration at the University of the Philippines Diliman from 1997 to 2009.[2] Bello co-founded and is a co-chairperson of the Bangkok-based policy research institute Focus on the Global South.

Early life and education

Walden Bello was born in Cardona, Rizal in 1945 to Luz Flores of Ilocos Norte and Jesse Bello of Ilocos Sur.[3] He received his bachelor’s degree in humanities from the Ateneo de Manila University in 1966 and pursued a master’s degree in sociology at Princeton University, graduating in 1972. He continued his studies in sociology at Princeton and graduated with a doctorate degree in 1975. His doctorate dissertation was titled “The Roots and Dynamics of Revolution and Counterrevolution in Chile.”[4]

Activism

While at Princeton, Bello became an activist, participating in protests against both the Marcos dictatorship in the Philippines and the Vietnam War.[5] While working on his doctorate dissertation, he traveled to Chile and lived in impoverished towns following the socialist Salvador Allende’s ascent to the presidency.[6] During this period, his passport was revoked by the Philippine government due to his activism against the dictatorship.

After completing his doctorate in sociology at Princeton in 1975, Bello joined the Communist Party of the Philippines.[7] In 1978, he began what would be a four-year teaching job at the University of California, Berkeley. He was arrested in 1978 after leading a peaceful takeover of the Philippine consulate in San Franciso. He staged a hunger strike while in detention to bring attention to the situation in the Philippines and was later released. In the early 1980s, he broke into the World Bank headquarters in Washington and seized 30,000 pages of confidential documents that were purported to show a link between the institution as well as the International Monetary Fund and Ferdinand Marcos.[8] He wrote the book Development Debacle: the World Bank in the Philippines using the information detailed in the documents he had smuggled out of World Bank and published it in 1982. The book became popular in the underground movement and is said to have contributed to the unrest that led to the toppling of the Marcos regime in 1986. Bello returned to the Philippines two years later.[9]

In 1995, Bello co-founded the policy research institute Focus on the Global South in Bangkok, Thailand. In 1997, he became a full professor of sociology at the University of the Philippines Diliman, holding the position until his retirement in 2009. Since 2009, he has been an international adjunct professor in the sociology department of Binghamton University.[10]

After accusations emerged that the Communist Party of the Philippines' New People’s Army was killing members suspected of being double agents in the 1980s and 1990s, Bello began to disengage from the party.[11]

In 2010, he was elected to Congress as a representative of the Akbayan party-list. He resigned from his position in 2015 due to disagreements with the administration of President Benigno Aquino III regarding the controversial Disbursement Acceleration Program and the Mamasapano incident, where 44 Special Action Force troopers were killed.[12]

Bello unsuccessfully ran for senator in the 2016 elections.

Books

Bello has authored and edited a number of non-fiction books. Among them are the following:

  • Counterrevolution: The Global Rise of the Far Right (2019)
  • Paper Dragons: China and the Next Crash (2019)
  • Capitalism’s Last Stand?: Deglobalization in the Age of Austerity (2013)
  • The Food Wars (2009)
  • The Anti-Development State: The Political Economy of Permanent Crisis in the Philippines (2006), with co-authors Herbert Docena, Marissa de Guzman, and Mary Lou Malig
  • Deglobalization: Ideas for a New World Economy: Global Issues (2005)
  • Dilemmas of Domination: The Unmaking of the American Empire (2005)
  • Global Finance: New Thinking on Regulating Speculative Capital Markets (2000), editor, with co-editor Nicola Bullard
  • A Siamese Tragedy: Development and Disintegration in Modern Thailand (1999), with co-author Shea Cunningham

Recognition

Bello was awarded the Right Livelihood Award in 2003. In its citation, Right Livelihood describes him as "one of the leading critics of the current model of economic globalization, combining the roles of intellectual and activist." In March 2008, the International Studies Association named Bello Outstanding Public Scholar.

Citation

Wiki.png

Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.



References

  1. https://www.binghamton.edu/sociology/faculty/profile.html?id=waldenbello Binghamton University. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  2. https://www.isa-sociology.org/en/publications/isa-digital-worlds/videos/global-courses/public-sociology/public-sociology-blog/walden-bello International Sociological Association. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  3. https://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2015/10/25/18779236.php Indybay. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  4. https://catalog.princeton.edu/catalog/3266058 Princeton University. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  5. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/net/2006/02/24/professor.2.others.nabbed.(2.29.p.m.).html SunStar. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  6. https://www.philstar.com/opinion/2015/05/26/1458669/kentex-fire-conversation-walden-bello Philippine Star. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  7. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2016/06/walden-bello-philippines-duterte-dignidad-coalition-akbayan/ Jacobin Magazine. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  8. https://rightlivelihood.org/the-change-makers/find-a-laureate/walden-bello/ Right Livelihood. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  9. https://rightlivelihood.org/the-change-makers/find-a-laureate/walden-bello/ Right Livelihood. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  10. https://www.binghamton.edu/sociology/faculty/profile.html?id=waldenbello Binghamton University. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  11. https://www.jacobinmag.com/2016/06/walden-bello-philippines-duterte-dignidad-coalition-akbayan/ Jacobin Magazine. September 7, 2021.
  12. https://www.philstar.com/opinion/2015/05/26/1458669/kentex-fire-conversation-walden-bello Philippine Star. Retrieved September 7, 2021.