University of the Philippines
The University of the Philippines (or Unibersidad ng Pilipinas), abbreviated as UP, is the national university of the Philippines. It was founded in 1908 through an act made by the Philippine Legislature. The University provides a wide range of courses to choose from for tertiary level education in almost every field, from agriculture, medicine, and public health, law, natural and social science, engineering creative writing and fine arts.
The University is a highly reputable school for tertiary, graduate, and post-graduate studies. Since it is a state university, the tuition fees are subsidized by the Philippines government, making its fees the lowest among the comparable universities in the country. This makes admission into U.P. very competitive as seen on the number of students taking the UP College Admission Test (UPCAT) for undergraduate admission.
U.P. students and graduates are referred to as Iskolar ng Bayan (Scholars of the Nation) due to the minimal cost of their well founded education.
U.P. is known for its famous symbol, the Oblation. It is a monument of a naked man, with arms outstretched and face pointed upwards. The Oblation is inspired by the second stanza of Jose Rizal’s Mi Ultimo Adios, which shows reference to selfless dedication and service to the nation.
The University's colors are maroon and green. Maroon was chosen to represent the fight for freedom, as Maroon is also a name of a Jamaican tribe who were successful in defending their freedom from slavery and their independence from English conquerors for more than 100 years.
Unlike other universities, the University of the Philippines has unique academic regalia. Graduates wear the Sablay which is a sash joined in front by an ornament and embroidered or printed with the University's initials in Alibata and running geometric motifs of indigenous Philippine tribes. It is traditionally worn over a white or ecru dress for females or an ecru Barong and black pants for males, although there has been instances wherein the sablay is worn over other indigenous clothing. Candidates for graduation wear the sablay at the right shoulder, and it is then moved to the left shoulder after the President of the University confers their degree, similar to the moving of the tassel of the academic cap. Not all units have adopted the Sablay; the Manila and Los Baños campuses still prescribe the usual cap and gown.
Programs and Services
National Centers of Excellence and Development
At present, the University of the Philippines System (U.P.) is composed of seven Constituent Universities (Commonly abbreviated as C.U.) located in over 10 campuses around the country.
Listed below are the courses offered through the U.P. System of Education.
- Cordillera Studies, Ethnicity and Cultural studies, Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Social and Development Studies, Management, Language and Literature, Communication Arts, Fine Arts, Biology, Physics
- Law, Engineering, Architecture, Education, Accountancy, Business, Management, Natural Sciences, Marine Science, Mathematics, Information Technology, Creative Writing, Theater, Language and Literature, Music and Performing Arts, Fine Arts, Social Sciences and Philosophy, Public Administration, Journalism, Film and Communication Arts, Sports Science, Tourism, Home Economics, Anthropology, Architecture, Biology, Business, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Communication Arts, Computer Engineering, Economics, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communications Engineering, English, Filipino, Foreign Languages, Geology, History, Industrial Engineering, Geodetic Engineering, Information Technology, Journalism, Literature, Marine Science, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Music, Physics, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Statistics
- Agriculture and allied studies, Biology and allied studies, Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Information Technology, Development Communication, Forestry, Veterinary Medicine, Education, Engineering, Management, Agricultural Engineering, Agriculture, Biology, Chemistry, Communication Arts, Forestry, Information Technology, Mathematics, Physics, Veterinary Medicine
- Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Public Health, Allied Medical Professions, Biomedical Sciences, Natural Sciences, Applied Physics, Biochemistry, Computer Science, Biology, Medicine, Nursing, School of Health Sciences in Palo, Leyte and School of Health Sciences extension program in Baler, Quezon
- Aquaculture, Fisheries, Marine Science, Social Sciences, Language and Literature, Communication Arts, Natural Sciences, Information Technology, Management, Accountancy, Education, Biology, Fisheries, Marine Science, Information Technology
- Information Technology, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, Humanities, Management, Information Technology
- Distance learning, Distance Education
- University of the Philippines Integrated School in U.P. Diliman
- University of the Philippines Laboratory High School in U.P. Visayas - U.P. Cebu College
- University of the Philippines Rural High School in U.P. Los Baños
General Education Program
The General Education Program, was first introduced in 1959 and formed core courses prescribed for all students at the undergraduate level. The current General Education Program is the Revitalized General Education Program (abbreviated as RGEP), which was approved by the Board of Regents in 2001. The RGEP offers courses in three domains (Arts and Humanities, Mathematics Science and Technology and Social Sciences and Philosophy) and gives students the freedom to choose the general education subjects in these domains that they would like to take.
The University library system has a comprehensive collection, containing the largest collections of agricultural, medical, veterinary and animal science materials in the Philippines. The library system, in general, has a large collection of Filipiniana material, serials and journals in both electronic and physical forms and UPIANA materials in its archives. It also has acquired a collection of documents of student, political, and religious organizations advocating political, economic, and social changes during the Marcos administration in the Diliman library.
Being a state university, "selection is based on intellectual and personal preparedness of the applicant irrespective of sex, religious belief and political affiliation. Admission to a program is usually based on the result of the UPCAT, University Predicted Grade, which is an average of grades obtained during high school and, sometimes, a quota set by the unit offering the program. The University also maintains a Policy of Democratization which aims to "make the UP studentry more representative of the nation's population" with a quota for each province. The UPCAT also allows students to enter INTARMED, the University's accelerated medicine curriculum, one of the only two entry points into the program. Transferring to the University from other constituent units or schools outside the system are determined by the degree-granting unit that offers the program or the course, not by the university's Office of Admissions.
Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program
The Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program (also referred to as the "Iskolar ng Bayan" Program, and more commonly abbreviated and referred to as STFAP) was implemented in response to the increase in tuition in 1989. The program, proposed in 1988 by U.P. President Jose Abueva and mandated by the President and Congress of the Philippines, called for a radical departure from the old fee and scholarship structure of UP, resulting in tremendous benefits for low-income and disadvantaged students. The STFAP is divided into four basic components: Subsidized Education, Socialized Tuition, Scholarships and Student Assistantships.
- 30 out of the 50 National Artists and 28 out of the 29 National Scientists of the Philippines are affiliated with the University.
- U.P. has the most number of National Centers of Excellence and Development among all higher education institutions in the country
- U.P. is one of only three schools in Asia that has received institutional recognition in the Ramon Magsaysay Award.
- In line with the celebration of the University's centenary, the year 2008 has been proclaimed as the "UP Centennial Year" and the years 1998-2008 as the "University of the Philippines Decade."
- The University is one of the two Universities in the Philippines affiliated with the ASEAN University Network, and the only Philippine university to be affiliated with the ASEAN-European University Network and the Association of Pacific Rim Universities.
- The University is ranked 299 on the Times Higher Education Supplement Rankings in 2006 and 48 in the Asiaweek's Best Universities in Asia last published in 2000,
- In 2004, the University's seal and the Oblation were registered in the Philippine Intellectual Property Office to prevent unauthorized use and multiplication of the symbols for the centennial of the University in 2008.
The University has also released the centennial logo in 2006, which will be used in all visual materials and presentations of the various centennial activities and events of the University System.
- "In the Know: University of the Philippines." In Philippine Daily Inquirer Online. http://inquirer.net/articleindex (Accessed 28 April 2007)
- "About UP." University of the Philippines System Website. http://www.up.edu.ph/content.php?r=2&c=2 (Accessed April 27, 2007)
- "Primer on the Proposal to Adjust Tuition and Other Fees." University of the Philippines System Website. http://www.up.edu.ph/pdf/tuitionfee.pdf (Accessed 27 April 2007)
- "HS seniors take UP entrance test." Inquirer.net http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/metro/view_article.php?article_id=13685 (Accessed 27 April 2007)
- "Commission on Higher Education. "Statistics : CHED’s Centers of Excellence/Development." Commission on Higher Education Website. http://www.ched.gov.ph/statistics/coecods.html (Accessed 27 April 2007)
- "Act No. 1870 of the Philippine Legislature, popularly known as the University Act." Filipiniana.net http://www.filipiniana.net/read_content.jsp?filename=MCH000000010&page=1&epage=1 (Accessed 18 January 2008)
- University of the Philippines System official website
- University of the Philippines Baguio official website
- University of the Philippines Diliman official website
- University of the Philippines Los Baños official website
- University of the Philippines Manila official website
- University of the Philippines Mindanao official website
- University of the Philippines – Open University official website
- University of the Philippines Visayas official website