Top 10 Most Destructive Philippine Typhoons of 2009

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The year 2009 brought about what could be considered the most destructive typhoons in Philippine history. Filipinos were tested for their courage and strength is coping with these miserable disasters.

Ondoy (international name: Ketsana)

Ondoy was considered a weak typhoon but it brought record rainfall and flooding in September. A state of calamity was declared in Metro Manila as well as 25 provinces. Marikina and Rizal province were the hardest hit areas. According to PAGASA, Ondoy dumped 455 millimeters of rain in Quezon City alone within 24 hours. As per the National Disaster Coordinating Council’s last report, Ondoy left 337 people dead, 308 injured, and 37 missing. Estimated cost of damages amount to almost Php 10.5 billion in infrastructure and agriculture.

Pepeng (international name: Parma)
Parma 1 oct 09 0225Z.jpg

Pepeng was the slowest and longest staying typhoon that hit the country in 2009. PAGASA forecast its location as early as 29 September but it made landfall only on 3 October. After exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility, it made a second landfall in Cagayan on 8 October. The “u-turn” was affected by Typhoon Melor which entered the country at the same time. Pepeng left 375 dead, 185 injured, and 48 missing as of NDCC’s last situation report made in 14 October. Estimated cost of damages was placed at Php 8.142 billion.

Emong (international name: Chan-hom)

Emong made landfall on 7 May in Bolinao, Pangasinan. It affected Northern Luzon and registered a 48 hour record rainfall from 6 to 8 May. Western Pangasinan was placed under a state of calamity with the whole province claiming 16 of the 60 deaths recorded by NDCC. The number of missing was reported at 13 and the number of injured at 53. Total damage was estimated at Php 1.2 billion.

Santi (international name: Mirinae)

Santi entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility on the night of 29 October. Regions most affected were IV-A and V. The typhoon left 34 dead, 20 injured, and 15 missing. Estimated cost of damage to agriculture, infrastructure, and private property was placed at Php 704.97 million.

Dante (international name: Kujira)

Dante was the fourth tropical cyclone to hit the country in 2009. It left 27 people dead, 8 missing, and 5 injured. Provinces most affected included Sorsogon, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Catanduanes. NDCC reports that Dante damaged Php 451,737,631 worth of crops and livestock and Php 102 million worth of communal irrigation facilities.

Kiko (international name: Morakot)

Kiko flooded eleven villages in Botolan, Zambales with waters rising up to 4 to 5 feet high after the Pinatubo Dike overflowed on 6 August. It left 20 people dead, including miners trapped by mudslides in Baguio City. The NDCC declared Zambales under a state of calamity as more than 13,000 people were left homeless.

Jolina (international name: Goni)

Tropical Storm Jolina hit the Visayas region in August. NDCC reported 12 dead, 10 injured, and 2 missing. It affected four cities and 44 towns in the provinces of Ilocos Norte, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Oriental Mindoro, Palawan, Iloilo, Negros Occidental, Antique, Guimaras, Cebu, Lanao del Sur, and Sultan Kudarat.

Feria (international name: Nangka)

Tropical Storm Feria claimed the lives of eight fishermen from Quezon province. The fishermen were said to be sleeping in their boat when a tornado hit. The tornado lifted the boat and threw it back to the water, drowning the occupants. Feria was the sixth typhoon to hit the country in 2009.


Tropical Depression Urduja caused a landslide in Misamis Oriental that claimed three lives. Another person died in Cebu due to electrocution. Ten people were injured when their bus plunged off a cliff because of a landslide in Claver, Surigao del Norte. Roads where the landslides took place became impassable for days after the storm.

Maring (international name: Mujigae)

Maring brought 48 hours of rainfall to Western Luzon and Manila even when it was still a tropical depression. Heavy rainfall caused landslides that killed two children in Laguna. Areas in Valenzuela, Bulacan, Bataan, and Pampanga were also submerged under flood waters. Overall estimate of damages was placed at Php 25 million.




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