Timoteo Paez (b. August 22, 1861 - d. September 18, 1939) was a Filipino revolutionary and patriot. He was born in Tondo, Manila. He is widely known as one of the co-founders of La Liga Filipina alongside Philippine national hero, Jose Rizal.
Paez learned to read the cartilla at a very young age. Furthermore, he was known for his intelligence. He was an orphan at an early age by his wealthy father.
Paez finished elementary education in Tondo Municipal School. After graduating in elementary, he took clerical jobs or messenger jobs in offices during the day and studied at the Escuela Nautica during the night. He had a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting.
After graduating, he was employed by the shipping company Carrinage & Co. This was the time when he became drawn to the reform movement. He read about the literary works of Jose Rizal. He helped solicit funds for Graciano Lopez Jaena, the editor of the La Liga Filipina who needed money to go to Barcelona, Spain.
Despite the fact that La Liga was short-lived, still he never stopped his support to the principles for change. At his own expense, he printed and distributed Bonifacio’s “True Decalogue” together with the Rizal’s teachings.
When the Spanish authorities discovered the Katipunan, they arrested many suspected members and one of them was Paez. It happened on August 19, 1896. Upon arrest, he suffered nine months in prison. Fortunately, General Primo de Rivera pardoned him and placed him in exile in Hong Kong. In Hongkong, he managed to update himself about the developments in the Philippines. He also became acquainted with the exiled revolutionary leaders.
Return to the Philippines
He returned to the Philippines in September 1898 wherein he joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo. He was designated as a commissary officer with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He was also the representative the province of Surigao in the Revolutionary Congress.
Paez in the Philippine-American War
Paez was assigned to a command field during the Philippine-American War. General Emilio Aguinaldo assigned him to the General headquarters Service Force in April 1899. There, he was one of Aguinaldo’s security officers on their retreat to Northern Luzon. The revolutionary leaders decided to make their flight from the Americans easier after Tirad Pass fell to the Americans. They did that by surrendering the women and other non-combatant members in their company. Cols. Paez and Sityar were tasked to accompany those who surrendered back to Manila. During this time, Paez became a prisoner-of-war.
On Rizal's death
Paez was one of the first councilors of Manila when the civil government was organized. He built a monument of Rizal in the exact place where the La Liga Filipina was established. It was way back in 1903. He was one of those who proposed the erection of Rizal monument in Luneta.
Paez died on September 18, 1939 in Tondo, Manila. He had the Ten Commandments from the Bible inscribed on a stone block, a proof that he strongly believed in God.
- Quirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.
- "La Liga Filipina" http://www.elaput.org/liga.htm (accessed on September 19, 2007)
- “Timoteo Paez.” National Historical Institute.  (Accessed August 9, 2011)
- Eminent Filipinos. Manila: National Historical Commission, 1970.
- Quirino, Carlos. Who’s who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.