A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , [ˈbaraŋgaj] ), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. Municipalities and cities are composed of barangays. In place names, the word barangay is sometimes abbreviated as "Brgy." or "Bgy.".The term barangay and its structure in the modern context was conceived during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the old barrios. The barangays were eventually codified under the 1991 Local Government Code.