Tanauan City

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Template:PH wikidata, officially the Template:PH wikidata (Template:Lang-tl), is a Template:PH wikidata [[Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification|Template:PH wikidata]] in the province of Template:PH wikidata, Philippines. According to the Template:PH wikidata, it has a population of Template:PH wikidata people.Template:PH census

It is incorporated as a city under Republic Act No. 9005, signed on February 2, 2001, and ratified on March 10, 2001.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa in its southernmost part. The city shares its borders with Calamba, Laguna, to the north, Tagaytay, Cavite, to the northwest, Talisay to the west, Santo Tomas City to the east, and the towns of Balete and Malvar to the south. It borders on Taal Lake to the west. The town is known for the Old Tanauan Church Ruins, the most important archaeological site in the municipality where human remains from the colonial era have been unearthed.

Among those born in Tanauan are revolutionary former Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini and former President José P. Laurel.

History

Tanauan (lookout point) was founded by the Augustinians in 1584 on the northwestern bay of Lake Taal, called Tanauan Bay. Lookout towers were associated with 16th and 17th century churches to forewarn of Moro raids. "Old Tanauan" (Lumang Tanauan) included such a watch tower and associated sapao (built-up structures in the water). The 1754 eruption of Taal Volcano forced the town inhabitants to move initially to Sala. Then both towns moved again later that year to Tanauan's current location, in which Sala is now a barrio.[1]

Tanaueños have displayed characteristics of personal independence and nationalism since early history. The town is called the cradle of noble heroes due to its contribution to the revolutionary movement of its sons Apolinario Mabini, the brains of Katipunan, and later by the statesman Jose P. Laurel. Also, three Tanaueños served as governors of Batangas, namely: Jose P. Laurel V, Modesto Castillo and Nicolas Gonzales.[2]

Recent events include the assassination of its former mayor, Cesar V. Platon, by NPA rebels on 7 May 2001, as he was running for the governorship of Batangas. This happened a few days before the election.[3][4] On 2 July 2018, then-incumbent mayor Antonio Halili, noted for public humiliation campaigns against criminals and drug pushers, was assassinated during the flag raising ceremony at the city hall.[5][6]

Cityhood

The Congress approved the then Batangas 3rd District Rep. Jose Macario Laurel IV's bill and a Senate counterpart measure on Dec. 19, 2000 the Republic Act No. 9005 known as "The Charter of the City of Tanauan."

On February 2, 2001 President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed it into law.

On March 10, 2001, on Saturday, the charter was approved by a referendum in Tanauan that drew 8,890 or 16% of the 55,453 registered voters. Two ballots were either spoiled or blank. The "yes" had it over the "no" by a landslide, 7,026 to 1,961.

According to cityhood advocates, quoted in reports reaching Batangas on Sunday, the turnout, despite being two times better than previous conversion-to-city exercises, was still only 16%.[7]

Geography

It is situated Template:Convert south of Manila and Template:Convert north of Batangas City.

Barangays

Tanauan City is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.[8] Template:Columns-list

La Playa District

A cluster of the six lakeshore barangays of Tanauan City which serves as the tourism district of the city. It is consist of barangays:

  • Ma. Paz
  • Wawa
  • Boot
  • Gonzales
  • Banadero
  • Ambulong

Urban Area

There are nine barangays in the urban area of Tanauan City. These are

  • Poblacion 1
  • Poblacion 2
  • Poblacion 3
  • Poblacion 4
  • Poblacion 5
  • Poblacion 6
  • Poblacion 7
  • Sambat
  • Darasa

Climate

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Demographics

Template:Philippine Census

Tanauan Church

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the most dominant and visible religion in Tanauan. St. John the Evangelist is its patron, and its main church is the St. John the Evangelist Parish. La Consolacion College Tanauan (formerly Our Lady of Fatima Academy, 1948), run by the Augustinian Sisters of Our Lady of Consolation, is the first Catholic school in the city. Other Catholic schools include Our Lady of Assumption Montessori School and Daughters of Mary Immaculate School (lay-operated). First Asia Institute is converting from a non-sectarian school to a Catholic (Christian) school.

Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witnesses, Mormons (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), Islam and other religious groups are also present in the city.

Economy

Tanauan is known as an agricultural trading center of CALABARZON Region. Agri products from CALABARZON and as far as MIMAROPA and Bicol regions are being sent here before it reaches Metro Manila public markets. Aside from being an important agricultural center, Tanauan is also one of the Philippines' major industrial centers nowadays hosting four industrial parks which is home to various multinational companies and tourism facilities.

First Philippine Industrial Park

Template:Main A 450-hectare industrial park owned by Lopez Group and Sumitomo Corporation located in Tanauan and Santo Tomas, Batangas. FPIP Tanauan is the location of various multinational companies such as Nestlé, Honda, Brother Printers, Canon Philippines, Shimano, B/E Aerospace, Philip Morris-Fortune Tobacco Corporation and many more.

First Industrial Township Incorporated

Formerly PhilTown Technology Center located in Barangay Pagaspas which is now owned by First Philippine Holdings of the Lopez Group of Companies. This is home to Uni-President Philippines, the manufacturer of Homi instant noodles and Nooda Crunch.

Dolores Industrial Park

An industrial park in the Tanauan-Malvar area. It is the location of Metro Manila Turf Club.

Data Land Industrial Park

An industrial park owned by Data Land Corporation. This hosts the precast manufacturing facility of the said company.

Tanauan City Zentrum

A multi-sectoral development by the Torres Group of Companies located at the center of the new Tanauan Central Business District. It is now the location of the new Tanauan City Hall, which was inaugurated last July 23, 2017. In front of the new city hall is the new Tanauan People's Park. Aside from government centers, TCZ will also hosts office towers, condominiums and commercial centers by 2019.

  • Tagaytay Highlands Tourism Economic Zone- by Belle Corporation.

Transportation

Public transport

Jeepneys serve the city and the nearby municipalities and barangays. Tricycles provide transportation on the barangays. Buses connect the city with Manila and Batangas City.

Roads

The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road passes at the central part of the city. The expressway connects the city with the rest of Batangas. Jose P. Laurel Highway connects the city to Calamba and Santo Tomas on the north and with Malvar, Lipa, and Batangas City to the south. Another highway links Tanauan with Talisay and Tagaytay. A Template:Convert service road on both sides of STAR Tollway will connect the northeastern barangays of Tanauan to the southeastern barangays of the city [9]

Aside from the STAR Tollway, national roads like the Jose P. Laurel Highway (Route 4) and Tanauan – Talisay Road (Route 421) serves also the city. The city also maintains roads that connects the rural barangays of the city.

Education

Tanauan Campus of Our Lady of Assumption College

Among the tertiary educational establishments in Tanauan is the First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities, La Consolacion College, Christian College of Tanauan, Nova Schola, the STI Academic Center, the DMMC Institute of Health Sciences, and the Tanauan Institute. The Tanauan Institute is the oldest private education institution in the city having been established in 1924. The Sapphire International Aviation Academy which caters to aspiring aircraft pilots is also located within the city at the Barradas Airstrip.

There are 9 private and 12 public high schools, and 27 private and 44 public elementary schools.

Heads of government

Template:Columns-list

Notable people

  • Pres. Jose P. Laurel (Former President of the Philippines; Former Senate President, Former Chief Justice of the Philippines; Founder, Lyceum of the Philippines – LPU Manila)
  • Speaker Jose B. Laurel Jr. (Former Speaker of the House)
  • Apolinario Mabini (The Great Paralytic)
  • Salvador Laurel (Former Vice President of the Philippines)
  • Sen. Sotero Laurel (Former Senator/Founder, Lyceum of the Philippines University Batangas & Laguna)
  • Atty. Arsenio "Dojie" Laurel 2-time Macao Grand Prix Champion
  • Zanjoe Marudo (actor, ABS-CBN)
  • Jade Lopez (actress, GMA 7)
  • Renato Corona (Former Chief Justice, 2010–2012)
  • El Gamma Penumbra
  • Carlo Pagulayan (cartoonist, Marvel Heroes)
  • Joshua Garcia (actor, ABS-CBN)
  • Diane Querrer (TV Host and News Anchor, PTV4)
  • Ka Louie Tabing (veteran broadcaster, "Sa Kabukiran) (DZMM 630)

Gallery

References

  1. (1991) The Mysteries of Taal: A Philippine volcano and lake, her sea life and lost towns. Manila: Bookmark Publishing, 13, 33–55. ISBN 9715690467. 
  2. Historical Background, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: Saturday, 15 October 2011.
  3. Arnell Ozaeta. "Cops zeroing in on 4 more Platon ‘killers’", The Philippine Star, January 14, 2002. 
  4. Arnell Ozaeta, Joe Leuterio. "Lakas governor candidate in Batangas gunned down", The Philippine Star, May 8, 2001. (in en-US) 
  5. Maricar Cinco. "Tanauan mayor dead after flag ceremony shooting", Philippine Daily Inquirer, July 2, 2018. 
  6. "'Walk of shame' mayor shot dead", ABS-CBN News, July 2, 2018. 
  7. Batangan: Tanauan backs into cityhood; House panel okays "jueteng" bill; Laurel drops plan for Santo Tomas cityhood.
  8. Barangays of Tanuan City, Tanauan City Website, Retrieved: 15 October 2011.
  9. Admin. Service road sa STAR Tollway, bubuksan.

External links

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