Simon de Anda

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A monument in Manila which was built in 1871 to honor Simón de Anda (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Judge Florentino Floro)

Simón de Anda y Salazar (28 October 1701-30 October 1776) was the Governor-General of the Philippines from July 1770 to 30 October 1776.[1] He was prominent for leading the Spanish resistance against the British after Manila was captured in 1762.[2]


Anda was born in Subijana, Basque Country in Spain[3] on 28 October 1701. He was a judge of the Real Audiencia of Manila and was appointed as lieutenant-governor of the city of Manila.[4]

After the Occupation of Manila, he departed the city on 5 October 1762 and led the Spanish forces in Bulacan against the British forces.[5] At that time, acting governor-general Manuel Rojo, was under the custody of the British.[6] He was successful in preventing the British from occupying the areas outside of Manila and Cavite.[7]

He returned to Spain, where he was appointed as councilor of Castile.[8] He eventually returned to the Philippines on 12 April 1768, and was appointed as governor-general in July 1770.[9] During his term, he reformed the army, built public infrastructures, and handled conflicts with the Moros.[10] He opposed the royal decree of 9 November 1774 that ordered the secularization of parishes administered by the religious clergy.[11] The decree was eventually annulled after his death on 30 October 1776.[12]


  1. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 294.
  2. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  4. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  5. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  6. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  7. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  8. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 294.



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