Severino de las Alas
Severino Mojica de las Alas (8 January 1851 - 4 November 1918) was one of the signatories to the constitution of the Republic of Biak-na-Bato. He was also appointed director of the interior of the Malolos Republic.
De las Alas was born in Indang, Cavite to Eugenio de las Alas and Evarista Mojica. He received his early education in his hometown and his secondary education at Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila. He then obtained a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Santo Tomas. He had taught in private schools in Manila before he returned to Indang to found a branch of the Colegio de San Juan de Letran.
He married Agrifina Jeciel and they had four children, two of whom died at an early age. His eldest son, Teofilo, became a lawyer; his youngest daughter, Guadalupe, became a teacher.
When the Philippine Revolution began in 1896, de las Alas closed his school and joined the Katipunan. He used the name Di-kilala. He witnessed the rivalry between Emilio Aguinaldo and Andres Bonifacio, dividing the group into two—the Magdalo and the Magdiwang. The Magdalo covered the areas of Kawit, Bacoor, Imus, Dasmariñas, Silang, and Carmona. The Magdiwang covered Cavite (as capital), San Roque, Caridad, Noveleta, San Francisco de Malabon (now General Trias), Rosario, Tanza, Naic, Ternate, Maragondon, Magallanes, Bailen, Indang, Alfonso, and Amadeo. Although de las Alas came from Indang, he wanted to unite the two factions.
He was elected Director of Grace and Justice in a revolutionary assembly in Naic, Cavite. He reported the looting of Bonifacio's followers in Indang, which forced Aguinaldo to order the arrest of Bonifacio and his men.
When the Spaniards took over Indang, he joined the military staff of Aguinaldo in Biak-na-Bato. He was one of the signatories to the constitution of the Republic of Biak-na-Bato in 1897. He was later appointed Director of Interior of the Malolos Republic.
After General Antonio Luna was killed in 1899, Aguinaldo ordered de las Alas to investigate the incident. According to his report, it was a military collision between Luna and the presidential guards.
When he retired from politics, he devoted his time in helping the people in his hometown. He established the Indang Intermediate School (now Cavite State University). He also donated a school site and building for the intermediate school and the Indang Farming School.
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- De Ocampo, Esteban. 1941. Prominent Caviteños in History.
- Encyclopedia ng Cavite. 2016. De Las Alas, Severino Mojica. Accessed 3 April 2021. https://encyclopediangcavite.wordpress.com/2016/09/11/first-blog-post/.
- National Historical Commission of the Philippines. 2015. Martyrs & Patriots. Accessed 3 April 2021. https://nhcp.gov.ph/resource/filipinos-in-history/martyrs/.
- Quirino, Carlos.1995. Who's who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books.
- Taylor, John. 1971. The Philippine Insurrection against the United States. Pasay City: Eugenio Lopez Foundation.