San Jose Del Monte City

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Template:PH wikidata, officially the Template:PH wikidata (abbreviated as SJDM or CSJDM; Template:Lang-tl), is a Template:PH wikidata [[Cities of the Philippines#Legal classification|Template:PH wikidata]] in the province of Template:PH wikidata, Template:PH wikidata. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 574,089 people, making it the largest local government unit within the province of Bulacan and Central Luzon and the 18th most populated city in the Philippines.

Located in the southeast of the province, it is bordered by the cities of Caloocan and Quezon in Metro Manila to the south, by the town of Rodriguez, Rizal to the east, the towns of Santa Maria and Marilao to the west and Norzagaray to the north.

The city is home to some of the biggest resettlement areas in the Philippines like the Sapang Palay resettlement area spread over 36 barangays, Pabahay 2000 in Barangay Muzon and Towerville in Barangay Minuyan Proper. Most of the city's population come from former informal settlers along the creeks, esteros, riverbanks and railway tracks of Metro Manila.[1]


Early accounts on the founding of the city, as gathered from the old people, contend that it was formerly a part of the town of Meycauayan. This is supported by a decree from the Archbishop of Manila dated March 1750 on the creation of new municipalities. The municipality of San Jose del Monte was then officially founded on 2 March 1752.[2]

The decree included the list of families who volunteered to be relocated. These families, most if not all from Lagulo (now Malhacan) in Meycauayan, brought with them rice, wine, nganga and salt from in exchange for the wild pigs, deer, yantok and almasigan of the Itas and Dumagats, the native inhabitants of the area. Solares, including intended lots for main roads, were peacefully distributed to the new occupants after being measured and surveyed.[2]

The town reportedly got its name from Saint Joseph whose statue was found in a veritable forest; the hunters called it “San Jose del Monte” ( “Saint Joseph of the Mountain”). In all probability, the hunters reported their find to the parish priest of Meycauayan. It was said that the priest built a stone church at the site where the town proper is now located. The statue was installed in the new church. Extant Catholic Church records reveal that the first parish priest was Father Antonio de Moral. He took charge of the parish in 1845.

During the revolt against Spain, the town became a battleground between the Katipuneros and the Spanish forces. The revolutionaries lost and the vengeful Spanish soldiers burned down the settlement. The town people fled for their lives to nearby towns. At the advent of the American rule, it was made a part of Santa Maria until 1918 when the town was recreated and Ciriaco Gallardo appointed the first municipal president. Public schools were opened at the start of the American regime but due to the scarcity of the population, the highest grade organized was at the fourth grade.

During the Japanese occupation, the town became an ideal hiding place of the local recognized guerrillas because of the town's hilly and wooden terrain. The Japanese Imperial Army took over the local government of San Jose del Monte from 1942 to 1943. In resistance, the municipality formed its own guerrilla unit. San Jose del Monte experienced large casualties when the Americans bombed the town center on 11 January 1945 and again on 14 January 1945. When the combined Filipino and American troops came, peace reigned but not for long.

At the height of the Hukbalahap Rebellion, the town was raided on October 10, 1950. The Huks burned down the town hall. The town was raided for the second time on 21 March 1951. The Huks did not succeed because of the precautionary measures instituted by the town officials after which the Huks were gradually eliminated.

On 10 September 2000, San Jose del Monte was proclaimed as a Component City under Republic Act No. 8797. It became the first city in the province of Bulacán and recorded as the 86th chartered city of the Philippines. On 18 December 2003, the City of San Jose del Monte became the 1st Lone Congressional District in Bulacán.[2]


The elevation of the city ranges from approximately 40–900 meters above sea level; the relief transitions from warm lowland to cool upland as one goes eastward. This is because the city is part of the Sierra Madre mountain range. Plains and river valley flats characterize the western and southwestern quadrant. The central portion and much of its eastern section are made up of undulating hills with low relief. High relief areas moderate slopes best describe its extreme eastern and northwestern quadrant. Slopes of 3%-8% are extensively found in the city, particularly on the western half. Slopes of 30%-50% comprise the smallest portion of the total land area.

The rivers and creeks that flow in San Jose del Monte are direct tributaries of the Angat River, which flows from the Angat Reservoir. Major natural waterways of San Jose del Monte are the Kipungok, Santo Cristo, and Santa Maria river systems. Kipungok River separates San Jose del Monte from Caloocan City and Quezon City. It is directly connected to the Marilao River, which flows downwards to Manila bay. Draining to these rivers are creeks and streams, which act as catchment areas for the surface water runoff of the city. Among these are the Bigte, Kantulot, Katinga, and Salamin creeks.[3]

General land use

Growing commercial, residential, and light industrial areas, are found all over the city at major road intersections and along major thoroughfares. However, the bulk of the San Jose del Monte's built-up areas are mostly west of Quirino Highway at the primary level to gently sloping 8% terrain, dividing the city into a heavily built-up western section and the largely agricultural eastern section. Most of the city's schools, government institutions, commercial developments, industries, and other urban amenities are in this section. The largest contiguous built-up area is at Sapang Palay Resettlement Project area, followed by the conurbation in Tungkong Mangga and Muzon.

The developments east of the Quirino Highway are mostly scattered residential areas and agricultural lands. However, there are a few subdivisions that are some distance away from Ciudad Real and take advantage of its secluded and rural atmosphere. These are the Blessed Sacrament Seminary and an Augustinian convent.

In between the built-up clusters are pockets of agricultural lands, which are continuously converted into built-up uses. Planted in these lands are crops such as rice and corn. The clustering pattern for both built-up and agricultural uses is partly due to the decisions made by settlers with regard to the hilly conditions that dominate the topography. Most of households in the western half of San Jose del Monte opted to convert their lands to residential uses while other maintained the farms. This left upland uses, such as those pertaining to forest use, more common towards the easternmost zones.

Most vegetative outgrowths are in areas that are difficult to build on. But there are instances when these outgrowths are integrated in the built-up areas, usually found in the west: a number of heavily vegetated areas. Supplementing these are mini forest projects of the city government. The City Agriculture Office maintains a 1.65-hectare Mini Forest Project in Barangay Muzon along the San Jose del Monte-Marilao Provincial Road and a mahogany planting site.[4]


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The city is divided into 59 barangays, which handle governance in a much smaller area. These barangays are grouped into two districts, 23 barangays comprise the first district while 36 compose the second commonly known as Sapang Palay, and the city has Lone DistrictTemplate:Clarify, which is represented by a congressman in the country's House of Representatives.

No. Barangay District Postal code Population
growth rate
1 Ciudad Real 1st 3023 1,935 3,070 -7.08%
2 Dulong Bayan 1st 3023 5,440 8,774 34.71%
3 Francisco Homes-Guijo 1st 3023 5,242 5,635 2.71%
4 Francisco Homes-Mulawin 1st 3023 9,263 11,888 15.27%
5 Francisco Homes-Narra 1st 3023 5,425 7,269 36.02%
6 Francisco Homes-Yakal 1st 3023 2,875 3,903 15.79%
7 Gaya-Gaya 1st 3023 7,148 18,737 38.51%
8 Graceville 1st 3023 22,671 44,514 44.10%
9 Gumaoc-Central 1st 3023 2,704 3,484 26.11%
10 Gumaoc-East 1st 3023 3,854 5,237 36.53%
11 Gumaoc-West 1st 3023 5,288 8,785 35.89%
12 Kaybanban 1st 3023 1,643 2,970 47.05%
13 Kaypian 1st 3023 18,530 30,105 41.98%
14 Maharlika 1st 3023 2,793 3,210 11.71%
15 Muzón 1st 3023 47,010 103,000 76.24%
16 Paradise III 1st 3023 2,186 3,907 47.35%
17 Población 1st 3023 1,886 2,360 15.22%
18 Población I 1st 3023 2,882 4,117 38.03%
19 San Isidro 1st 3023 1,811 3,367 27.06%
20 San Manuel 1st 3023 8,107 14,122 27.82%
21 San Roque 1st 3023 1,000 1,711 31.90%
22 Santo Cristo 1st 3023 17,840 33,400 43.88%
23 Tungkong Mangga 1st 3023 6,097 19,491 34.64%
24 Minuyan I 2nd 3024 3,079 3,807 10.72%
25 Minuyan II 2nd 3024 4,532 6,146 4.72%
26 Minuyan III 2nd 3024 2,327 3,328 18.22%
27 Minuyan IV 2nd 3024 3,492 4,722 24.03%
28 Minuyan V 2nd 3024 2,535 2,724 9.75%
29 Bagong Buhay I 2nd 3024 5,621 6,888 20.44%
30 Bagong Buhay II 2nd 3024 3,521 5,910 19.31%
31 Bagong Buhay III 2nd 3024 3,903 4,757 19.83%
32 San Martín I 2nd 3024 3,207 4,049 25.54%
33 San Martín II 2nd 3024 2,771 3,419 19.31%
34 San Martín III 2nd 3024 2,609 3,382 13.91%
35 San Martín IV 2nd 3024 2,939 3,894 28.10%
36 Santa Cruz I 2nd 3024 2,997 2,414 7.5%
37 Santa Cruz II 2nd 3024 2,798 3,744 10.51%
38 Santa Cruz III 2nd 3024 2,058 2,432 19.68%
39 Santa Cruz IV 2nd 3024 2,623 2,706 23.83%
40 Santa Cruz V 2nd 3024 3,128 4,143 16.78%
41 Fátima I 2nd 3024 2,850 3,034 9.75%
42 Fátima II 2nd 3024 1,785 2,116 11.82%
43 Fátima III 2nd 3024 1,461 1,861 23.20%
44 Fátima IV 2nd 3024 1,837 2,294 16.93%
45 Fátima V 2nd 3024 2,029 2,937 33.91%
46 San Pedro 2nd 3024 12,096 14,833 13%
47 Citrus 2nd 3024 13,066 23,970 45.75%
48 San Rafael I 2nd 3024 6,080 9,413 28.39%
49 San Rafael II 2nd 3024 3,457 3,699 -1.91%
50 San Rafael III 2nd 3024 3,112 3,248 -5.49%
51 San Rafael IV 2nd 3024 5,308 6,695 2.60%
52 San Rafael V 2nd 3024 2,544 3,091 9.87%
53 Assumption 2nd 3024 3,424 4,560 14.75%
54 Lawang Pare 2nd 3024 3,264 4,284 28.16%
55 Santo Niño I 2nd 3024 2,363 3,068 -1.02%
56 Santo Niño II 2nd 3024 2807 3,478 3.06%
57 St. Martin de Porres 2nd 3024 2,050 2,775 25.46%
58 Sapang Palay Proper 2nd 3024 3,576 5,538 24.89%
59 Minuyan Proper 2nd 3024 4,928 26,300 344.64%

Of the 3,102 barangays in Region III, the largest in terms of population size is Muzon in the City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan with 106,603 people.Template:PH census


Template:Philippine Census

In the Template:PH wikidata, the population of San Jose del Monte was Template:PH wikidata people,Template:PH census with a density of Template:Convert. This makes it the largest local government unit in Bulacan province. It is also the largest city in Central Luzon (Region III).[5]

With the coming of settlers to San Jose Del Monte, its population increased tremendously. Its population increased dramatically since the 1950s as the population tended to move from rural areas to towns and cities. Its proximity to Manila allowed it to accommodate its spillover population. This is further hastened by the development of nearby Quezon City and the accompanying increase in population and infrastructure.

Forced relocation of informal settlers and the lure of government to provide them their own homes allowed the town to continue to grow despite the lack of government facilities then. As such, San Jose del Monte exhibited an increasing percentage share to the provincial population from as low as 2% in 1960 to 9% in 1990 and then to 17% in 2015. The town surpassed the population of Meycauayan in 1980 census and Malolos in the 1990 census, then the largest towns of Bulacan. By 2015, it has more than two times the population of the now second place Santa Maria town (256,454 people in the 2015 Census).

If current population growth holds (2010-2015, +4.55%), the population of San Jose del Monte is expected to double and breach one million by the 2030 Census.


Poblacion public market


Major agricultural crops are leafy vegetables, root crops (cassava as its OTOP), pineapple, mango and coffee beans.

Livestock and poultry

The major income earner is large- and small-scale swine production. There are 60 commercial livestock and poultry farms in the city. The major poultry producers are RFM, Vitarich and FELDAN.

Trade and commerce

The city has three major business district growth areas: Tungkong Mangga, Muzon and Sapang Palay (Sampol). They are in wholesale and retail trade.

The minor business districts include Towerville in Minuyan Proper, Palmera in Kaypian, Northgate in Santo Cristo, Citrus, Poblacion I, Grotto in Graceville, Francisco Homes, Gumaoc and San Rafael III.

Commercial and thrift banks, pawnshops and cooperatives provide financial services. There are two major malls: Starmall San Jose del Monte in Palmera and SM City San Jose del Monte in Tungkong Mangga.


Mount Balagbag.

Mount Balagbag and Kaytitinga Falls in Barangay, San Isidro are the main tourist attractions in the city. A portion of the Angat Watershed Forest Reserve also extends to San Jose del Monte.

VS Orchids Farm (Santo Cristo) is the biggest orchids nursery and ornamental plants farm in Bulacan (owned by Ms. Rolita Spowart, 3 Manila Seedling Bank Foundation, Quezon City)[6] Hundreds of orchids species are nurtured in this 1.8 hectares flora haven.


  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish Church[7]
  • Parokya ni San Pedro Apostol Church
  • San Isidro Labrador Parish Church
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish Church
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto Shrine
  • Madre Alessandra House of Prayer
  • Sagrada Familia Parish Church
  • Santo Rosario Sapang Palay Parish Church
San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish Church
San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila Parish Church (Pleasant Hills, Barangay San Manuel)

From 1986 to 2000, the Pleasant Hill community has been a sub-parish of St. Peter Parish, Tungkong Mangga under Rev. Fr. Manuel M. Manicad as the Parish Priest. On July 3, 2000, Rev. Fr. Mario Jose C. Ladra was appointed parish priest. In January 2004, some parish leaders and staff together with Fr. Mar prepared documents for the change of status of the parish from a quasi– parish to a full-fledged parish. Bishop Jose F. Oliveros approved the request on Tuesday, January 27, 2004, the day when St. Joseph Healing Masses are held in honor of the parish's Second Patron Saint. Immediately afterwards, the Canonical Establishment and Solemn Proclamation of the Parish of San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila was set on March 14, 2004. Rev. Fr. Mario Jose C. Ladra was likewise installed as its First Parish Priest.[8]

Our Lady of Lourdes Grotto Shrine
Lourdes Church (Graceville)

The six hectares Lourdes Shrine Complex[7] (Church and the Grotto of the Blessed Virgin Mary) with the 'Miracle Spring' is a popular Holy Week destination for Catholic devotees. Inaugurated on February 11, 1965, owner Anita Guidote-Guanzon decided to build the Grotto for she was cured of cancer upon her return from a pilgrimage to Lourdes, France, in 1961. The Grotto also features a Calvary Hill with life-size statues that depict the 14 Stations of the Cross, and a Rosary Hill with 155 giant concrete beads. The complex is now run by Marietta Guidote-Guanzon Picache vda. de Holmgren, Anita's eldest child, after the matriarch died on March 31, 1990. It is a replica of the Lourdes Grotto in France[9][10][11][12]


Template:Unreferenced section The city has experienced increased revenues in the past few years. The 2008 fiscal year represented an increase of 15.96% from 2007.

The income in 2008 was comparable to the major cities and municipalities in Bulacan, such as Meycauayan, Malolos, Baliuag, Santa Maria and Marilao.



The city is serviced by bus routes going to and from, among others, Sapang Palay, Baclaran district in Parañaque, Muntinlupa (Alabang), Taguig (FTI), Makati, Quiapo and Santa Cruz districts in Manila, Novaliches district in Quezon City and the Ninoy Aquino International Airport or NAIA. Jeepney routes also ply the roads between the city and neighboring cities and towns in Metro Manila and Bulacan province.

San Jose del Monte's road network has a total length of 211.43 km. (not including the Bulacan-Rizal-Cavite Regional Expressway/BRMCREx). The following are the main arteries of San Jose del Monte's road network which link the 59 barangays with Metro Manila and the rest of Bulacan.


The bulk of the city's water requirement is being served by the San Jose Del Monte City Water District together via Joint Venture Agreement to Prime Water Corporation.


Power distribution is being undertaken by the Manila Electric Company (Meralco). The city hosts the biggest National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) sub-station in the country in Barangay Dulong Bayan.


Landline telephone systems are provided by the PLDT and Globe.

Internet service is available through PLDT Home Fiber and DSL and Globe Fiber and Converge Fiber X.

Mobile telephone services are provided by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom and Sun Cellular.

Public High Schools


  • City of San Jose del Monte National High School
  • Muzon National High School
  • Graceville National High School
  • Muzon Harmony Hills High School
  • Minuyan National High School
  • Marangal National High School
  • Kaypian National High School
  • Paradise Farms National High School
  • Kakawate National High School
  • Citrus National High School
  • San Jose del Monte National High School
  • San Martin National High School
  • Sapang Palay National High School
  • Santo Cristo National High School
  • San Jose del Monte National Trade School
  • Towerville National High School
  • City of San Jose del Monte National Science High School
  • San Jose Del Monte Heights High School

City government

City hall

Like other cities in the Philippines, San Jose del Monte is governed by a mayor and vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 12 members 6 from District I and 6 from District II. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies.

San Jose del Monte, being a part of the Bulacan province, has its mayor in the city council heading the Area Integrated Development Authority (AIDA), a special committee created during the term of then Mayor Eduardo V. Roquero to concentrate on the improvement of 3 highly commercialized areas such as, Tungkong Mangga, Muzon, and Sampol areas.Template:Clarify. This council formulates development plans that seeks to solve the problems and improve the conditions in the metropolis.

Current city officials (2019-2022)

Position Name Party
Mayor Arthur B. Robes Arangkada San Joseño
Vice Mayor Efren Bartolome Arangkada San Joseño
Representative Florida P. Robes NUP
1st District
Councilors Joey Abela Arangkada San Joseño
Janet Reyes Makabayan
Rosalyn Cabuco Arangkada San Joseño
Glenn M. Villano Arangkada San Joseño
Liezl Aguirre Abat National Unity Party
Richie Robes Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
2nd District
Councilors Romeo Agapito Arangkada San Joseño
Benjie Acibal Arangkada San Joseño
Ryan Elfa Arangkada San Joseño
Celso Francisco Arangkada San Joseño
Argel Joseh Drio PDP–Laban
Vanessa Michelle Roquero National Unity Party
Ex-Officio Members
ABC President Zosimo Lorenzo (Barangay Kaypian)
SK President Ronalyn Pordan (Barangay Fatima V)

List of former municipal and city mayors



External links

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