Region XII

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Soccsksargen (officially styled in uppercase;[1] pronounced Template:IPA-tl), formerly known as Central Mindanao, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao. It is numerically designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and one highly urbanized city (South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos). The regional center is in Koronadal located in the province of South Cotabato, and the center of commerce and industry is General Santos, which is the most populous city in the region.

Geography

The region is bounded on the north by Northern Mindanao, on the east by the Davao Region, and on the southwest by the Celebes Sea. The region also shares a maritime border with Gorontalo and North Sulawesi provinces of Indonesia. The province of Maguindanao is situated between Cotabato City, North Cotabato province, and Sultan Kudarat.

The region has extensive coastlines, valleys and mountain ranges. Known for its river system, the region is the drainage basin of Mindanao, particularly at the Cotabato Basin, a large depression surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides.[2][3] Within the basin runs the Rio Grande de Mindanao, the longest river in Mindanao and the second longest in the Philippines. The river empties into the Illana Bay of the larger Moro Gulf at the west of Cotabato City.

At the south of the basin lie the Tiruray Highlands, a moderately high mountain range blocking the basin from the southern coastline.[2] Southeast of the mountains lie the Sarangani Bay.

Administrative divisions

Soccsksargen comprises 4 provinces, 1 highly urbanized city, 3 component cities, 45 municipalities and 1,195 barangays.

Province Template:Font Capital Population Template:SmallTemplate:PH census Area[4][5] Density
km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Template:Flag Kidapawan Template:Percent and number Template:Convert Template:Convert 1 17 543
Sarangani Alabel Template:Percent and number Template:Convert Template:Convert 0 7 141
Template:Flag Koronadal Template:Percent and number Template:Convert Template:Convert 1 10 199
Template:Flag Isulan Template:Percent and number Template:Convert Template:Convert 1 11 249
General Santos Template:Percent and number Template:Convert Template:Convert 26
Total 4,545,276 22,513.30 5 45 1,195

Template:Unbulleted list

Cities

Component cities

Highly-urbanized city

  • General Santos — a highly urbanized city, it serves as the center of the Metropolitan and Regional Center for trade and industry of Soccsksargen.
Rank City Area

in sq.km

Population

as of 2015

Tax collection

as of 2012[6]

IRA

as of 2015

Income class
1. General Santos 492.86 594,446 P1.175 billion Php 1,086.25 million 1st
2. Koronadal 277.00 174,942 P917 million

(including South Cotabato)

Php 504.77 million 3rd
3. Kidapawan 358.47 140,195 P554 million

(including Cotabato Province)

Php 509.68 million 3rd
4. Tacurong 153.40 98,316 P555 million

(including Sultan Kudarat Province)

Php 350.57 million 4th

History

The oldest civilization in the region is located in Maitum, Sarangani, where the Maitum Anthropomorphic Pottery were found. The jars have been declared as National Cultural Treasures, and are subject to the high protections ensured by Philippine and international laws.

Central Mindanao

The region used to be named Central Mindanao. Prior to the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) it comprised the following provinces:

With the creation of ARMM, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato City) were removed from the region, leaving Lanao del Norte, Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, and Iligan, Marawi and Cotabato City as constituent provinces and cities.[7] Lanao del Norte and Iligan were later transferred to Northern Mindanao, while Marawi became part of the ARMM.

SOCCSKSARGEN

On September 2001, Executive Order No. 36 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo transferring South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos (also known as the SocSarGen District), from Southern Mindanao to Region XII, and renaming the region, from Central Mindanao, to SOCCSKSARGEN.[1][8]

Koronadal as new regional center

By virtue of Executive Order No. 304 signed by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Koronadal was named as the regional political and socio-economic center of Soccsksargen on March 30, 2004. Regional departments, bureaus and offices were ordered to move from Cotabato City, the former regional center of the region.

Special Cotabato barangays and Cotabato City exit

Traditionally resisting efforts for inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao despite serving as the government center of the ARMM, the January 21, 2019 Bangsamoro Autonomous Region creation plebiscite resulted in the surprise ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law in Cotabato City. This means the city may now formally serve as the capital of the region and the offices of the current ARMM will be retained for use by the Bangsamoro Regional Government and now formally no longer constitutes part of the Soccsksargen Region.

In addition to Cotobato City, 63 barangays in Cotabato province opted to join Bangsamoro, thus exiting the region as well.

Economy

A view of McDonalds in Koronadal on May 2015

The region contributes to the national GDP with 2.6% with 5% growth compared to 2016. 18.3% of Mindanao Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP).[9]

Musical heritage

Kulintang exhibited in Old Cotabato City Hall Museum

The culture of native Maguindanaon and other native groups, both Muslim and non-Muslim, revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found in the Soccsksargen.

Government

  • Cotabato – Gov. Emmylou "Lala" J. Talino-Mendoza (Liberal)
  • South Cotabato – Gov. Reynaldo S. Tamayo Jr. (Partido Federal ng Pilipinas (PFP)
  • Sultan Kudarat – Gov. Datu Suharto "Teng" T. Mangudadatu (Liberal)
  • Sarangani – Gov. Steve C. Solon (UNA)
  • General Santos (HUC) – Mayor Ronnel “Nel” Rivera

References

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  6. Zonio, Aquiles Z.. Central Mindanao PH's top tax revenue generator next to Metro Manila (en).
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  9. NEDA launches regional dev't plan in SOCCSKSARGEN.