Ramon Montero

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A painting by Antonio Francisco Malantic of Ramón Montero y Blandino, Governor-General of the Philippines (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Museo del Prado)

Ramón Montero y Blandino (22 March 1798 – June 1864)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 20 December 1852 to 2 February 1854; from 28 October 1854 to 20 November 1854; and from 5 December 1856 to 9 March 1856.[2]

Biography

Montero was from San Fernando (Cádiz) in Spain.[3] He was a knight of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Fernando, as well as a recipient of the Great Cross of San Hermenegildo.[4]

He participated in numerous military campaigns both in Spain and its colonies.[5] He took part in the military campaigns in the Americas from 1814 to 1824, wherein he participated in the battles of Ica and Ayacucho.[6] He also took part in battle in the Sierra de Burgos in 1834 to pursue Merino.[7] He fought against the Carlists when he was assigned in Catalonia.[8]

He first set foot in the Philippines when he was appointed as segundo cabo in 1851.[9] He was eventually appointed as Governor-General of the archipelago in 1853.

He served as Governor-General for three nonconsecutive terms.[10] The first was from 20 December 1853 until 2 February 1854, after which he was succeeded by Manuel Pavía.[11] The second was from 28 October 1854 until 20 November 1854, after which he was succeeded by Manuel Crespo.[12] The third was from 5 December 1856 until 9 March 1856, after which he was succeeded by Fernando Norzagaray.[13] It was noted by José Montero y Vidal in his report that during the period when Montero served as Governor-General, newspaper activity heightened.[14] About thirty newspapers were said to have been founded during that time.[15]

After his third term, he resigned as segundo cabo of the archipelago in February 1859 due to health reasons.[16] He returned to Spain in July in the same year.[17]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino," accessed 22 January 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/137356/ramon-montero-blandino
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 296.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  13. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  14. José Montero y Vidal, “Events in Filipinas, 1841-1872,” in The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, trans. Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson, vol. 52 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906), 213.
  15. Montero y Vidal, “Events in Filipinas,” 213.
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."
  17. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón Montero Blandino."

Citation

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