Ramon Maria Solano

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Ramón María Solano y Llanderal (15 August 1815 – 30 August 1860)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 12 January 1860 to 29 August 1860.[2]

Biography

Solano was from Valencia, Spain.[3] He was the son of General Ramón Solano Cerveró and Concepción Llanderal.[4] He entered the military on December 1827 as a cadet in the Infantry Regiment.[5] He was then transferred to the Regiment of La Albuera in 1829, and later to the Prince's Regiment.[6] He participated in numerous military campaigns against the Carlists during the First Carlist War (1833 – 1840), during which he received numerous promotions, and was given the Cross of the Order of San Fernando, 1st Class for his participation during the Battle of Luchana on 25 December 1836.[7]

He also participated in campaigns against uprisings in 1843 and 1846, and during the expedition to Portugal in 1847.[8] He was eventually promoted as a marshal in October 1856, and was assigned in the Philippines as a segundo cabo (commander of the army).[9]

St. Pancratius Chapel inside Paco Cemetery, where the remains of Governor-General Solano is interred. (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Carlojoseph14)

As Governor-General

He became Governor-General on 12 January 1860, succeeding Fernando Norzagaray who resigned from his position the year before due to health reasons.[10]

During his term as Governor-General, he initiated some notable measures.[11] He legalized the existence of pawnshops on 18 January 1860, and the issuance of decrees concerning the colonial government on 16 February 1860.[12] He also expanded the role of the Banco Español Filipino (present-day Bank of the Philippine Islands).[13]

However, his term was cut short after he became seriously ill with fevers in Mindanao.[14] He vacated his position on 29 August 1860, with Juan Herrera Dávila assuming the position as acting Governor-General.[15]

He died the following day, and was buried on the epistle side of the St. Pancratius Chapel in Paco Cemetery.[16] There were speculations that his illness and death was caused by poisoning.[17]

Trivia

The town of Solano in the province of Nueva Vizcaya is named after Governor-General Solano.[18]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal," accessed 9 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/84379/ramon-maria-solano-llanderal
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 297.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  13. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  14. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  15. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  17. Real Academia de la Historia, "Ramón María Solano Llanderal."
  18. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.

Citation

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