Quirino is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis. It is named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines.
Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle.
On June 18, 1966, Republic Act 4734 was enacted, constituting the municipalities of Diffun, Saguday, Aglipay, and Maddela (all of Nueva Vizcaya province) into a new sub-province to be known as "Quirino", named after the late Philippine president Elpidio Quirino.
On June 21, 1969, Republic Act 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734 and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis (now the provincial capital town), which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay.
Republic Act 6394, authored by then Congressman Leonardo B. Perez, was passed on September 10, 1971 further amending RA 5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province.
The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972 upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio A. Sarandi as Provincial Governor.
Quirino covers a total area of 2,323.47 square kilometres (897.10 sq mi) occupying the southeastern section of the Cagayan Valley region. A landlocked province, it is situated within the upper portion of the Cagayan River basin and bounded by Isabela on the north, Aurora on the east and southeast, and Nueva Vizcaya on the west and southwest.
The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a natural barrier on the eastern and southern border of the province and the Mamparang Range on the western part. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands. A large portion of the province lies within the Quirino Protected Landscape.
The province has a mean annual temperature of 33.6 °C (92.5 °F). June is generally the warmest month and the wettest months are March to August, with the rest of the year being neither too dry nor too wet. Heavy, sustained rainfall occurs from September to November.
Quirino comprises 6 municipalities, all encompassed by a single legislative district.
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The population of Quirino in the 2015 census was 188,991 people, with a density of 81 inhabitants per square kilometre or 210 inhabitants per square mile.
The major languages are Ilocano and Ifugao. Other languages are Bungkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-ey, Tagalog, and English.
Quirino is predominantly Roman Catholic with 54 percent adherence while Evangelicals and United Methodist Church serve as significant minorities with up to 20% of the population. Some people still practice indigenous beliefs. Other Christians such as the Iglesia ni Cristo(forming more than 5% of the province population), mainline protestant and Aglipanyan are also well represented. Other religious groups are also have some minor adherents such as Islam.
Agriculture is the main industry in the province, with rice and corn as major crops. These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. It is the leading producer of banana in the Cagayan Valley region. Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.
|District Representative (Lone District of Quirino)||Rep. Dakila Carlo E. Cua|
|Provincial Governor||Junie E. Cua|
|Provincial Vice Governor||May G. Calaunan|
|Provincial Board Members||Jovino F. Navalta|
|Roldan E. Ubando|
|Joel B. Badongen|
|Elizabeth B. Saure|
|Julius Caesar S. Vaquilar|
|Magdalena A. Saladino|
|Willard V. Abuan|
|Tomas L. Baccac|
- Republic Act No. 4734 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya.
- Brief History of Quirino.
- Republic Act No. 5554 - An Act Amending Republic Act Numbered Four Thousand Seven Hundred And Thirty-four, Entitled, "An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya," and for Other Similar Purposes.
- Republic Act No. 6394: An Act to Separate the Subprovince of Quirino from the Province of Nueva Vizcaya and Constitute It into a Regular Province to be Known as the Province of Quirino.
- Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 – An Act Creating the Municipality of Nagtipunan, in the Province of Quirino.
- The Province of Quirino.