Presidents of the Philippines

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File:PhilippinePresidentialSeal.png
Seal of the President of the Philippines.

(Also see the knowledge database on Philippine Presidents)

History of Philippine Heads of State

Before Spaniards arrived in the Philippines, the archipelago was not a unified nation. Rather, it was splintered into different barangays headed by a datu. These barangays were independent of one another, although some barangays united to form a confederation. In the barangays, the datu was leader, lawmaker, and judge. Although he often had a council of elders as his advisers, the datu’s word was law. After the Spanish conquest, the King of Spain became the de jure head of state of the country, represented by his Governor-General. After Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States of America for 20 million dollars, the head of state became the President of the United States, also represented by the American Governor-General. When the Filipinos fought for and achieved their independence, they elected their own Presidents.

Constitutional Succession

Color Legend
(no party affiliation)
Nacionalista
Liberal
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
United Nationalists Democratic Organizations
Lakas-Kampi CMD
Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino

Counting of the order of terms and constitutional succession to the presidency starts with Manuel L. Quezon, the first President of the Philippine Commonwealth, although he led a nation still under American sovereignty. Two Presidents were deposed by EDSA Revolutions, but their successors are counted in the order of terms.

Emilio Aguinaldo was the first to assume the title of President, but his Malolos Republic was not recognized by other nations at the time of its existence, so he is not considered to be in the line of Constitutional succession and not counted in the order of terms. Neither is Jose P. Laurel, who was considered to have been a puppet president of a puppet government of the Japanese occupation. Nevertheless, they are still recognized as Philippine Presidents, especially Aguinaldo, whom most Filipinos consider the first Filipino president.

The colors indicate the political party or coalition of each President on the day of election.

List

No. President
(Lifespan)
Party Term of office
(Length of tenure)
Election Vice president
(Party; term of office, if different with president's)
Era
1 Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Aguinaldo
(1869–1964)
NoneTemplate:Efn January 23, 1899–March 23, 1901Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1899 NoneTemplate:Efn First Republic
American Governor-Generals U.S. military government
U.S. Insular Government
2 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" | Manuel L. Quezon Manuel L. Quezon
(1878–1944)
Nacionalista November 15, 1935 – August 1, 1944Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1935 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" | Sergio Osmeña
(Nacionalista)
Commonwealth
1941
3 bgcolor="Template:KALIBAPI/meta/color" | José P. Laurel Jose P. Laurel
(1891–1959)
KALIBAPI October 14, 1943 – August 17, 1945Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1943 NoneTemplate:Efn Second Republic
4 bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color"| Sergio Osmeña Sergio Osmeña
(1878–1961)
Nacionalista August 1, 1944 – May 28, 1946
(Template:Age in years and days)
1941 VacantTemplate:Efn Commonwealth
5 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Manuel Roxas Manuel Roxas
(1892–1948)
Nacionalista's Liberal wing, later Liberal May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1946 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Elpidio Quirino
(Nacionalista's Liberal wing, later Liberal)
Third Republic
6 rowspan="3" bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color" | Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino
(1890–1956)
Liberal April 17, 1948 – December 30, 1953
(Template:Age in years and days)
VacantTemplate:Efn
1949 bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Fernando Lopez
(Liberal, later Democratic; 1949–1953)
bgcolor="Template:Democratic Party (Philippines)/meta/color"|
7 bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color"| Ramon Magsaysay Ramon Magsaysay
(1907–1957)
Nacionalista December 30, 1953 – March 17, 1957Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1953 bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color"| Carlos P. Garcia
(Nacionalista)
8 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" | Carlos P. Garcia Carlos P. Garcia
(1896–1971)
Nacionalista March 18, 1957 – December 30, 1961
(Template:Age in years and days)
VacantTemplate:Efn
1957 bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Diosdado Macapagal
(Liberal; 1957–1961)
9 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color" | Diosdado Macapagal Diosdado Macapagal
(1910–1997)
Liberal December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965
(Template:Age in years and days)
1961 bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Emmanuel Pelaez
(Liberal, later Nacionalista)
bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" |
10 rowspan="5" bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" | Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos
(1917–1989)
Nacionalista, later KBL December 30, 1965 – February 25, 1986Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1965 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color" | Fernando Lopez
(Nacionalista; 1965–1972)
1969
NoneTemplate:Efn Marcos dictatorship
1973Template:Efn
1977Template:Efn
rowspan="3" bgcolor="Template:Kilusang Bagong Lipunan/meta/color" | New Society
1981 Fourth Republic
VacantTemplate:Efn
11 rowspan="3" bgcolor="Template:United Nationalist Democratic Organization/meta/color"| Corazon Aquino Corazon Aquino
(1933–2009)
UNIDO, later independent February 25, 1986 – June 30, 1992
(Template:Age in years and days)
1986 rowspan="3" bgcolor="Template:United Nationalist Democratic Organization/meta/color"| Salvador Laurel
(UNIDO, later Nacionalista)
Provisional Government
Fifth Republic
bgcolor="Template:Independent/meta/color"|  bgcolor="Template:Nacionalista Party/meta/color"|
12 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Lakas-NUCD/meta/color"| Fidel Ramos Fidel V. Ramos
(born 1928)
Lakas June 30, 1992 – June 30, 1998
(Template:Age in years and days)
1992 bgcolor="Template:Nationalist People's Coalition/meta/color"| Joseph Estrada
(NPC, later LAMMP)
bgcolor="Template:Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino/meta/color"|
13 bgcolor="Template:Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino/meta/color"| Joseph Estrada Joseph Estrada
(born 1937)
LAMMP June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001Template:Efn
(Template:Age in years and days)
1998 bgcolor="Template:Lakas-NUCD/meta/color"| Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas)
14 rowspan="4" bgcolor="Template:Lakas-NUCD/meta/color" | Gloria Macapagal Arroyo WEF 2009-crop.jpg Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(born 1947)
Lakas, later Lakas–Kampi January 20, 2001 – June 30, 2010
(Template:Age in years and days)
Vacant
bgcolor="Template:Lakas-NUCD/meta/color"| Teofisto Guingona Jr.
(Lakas, later independent; 2001–2004)
bgcolor="Template:Independent/meta/color"|
2004 bgcolor="Template:Independent/meta/color"| Noli de Castro
(Independent; 2004–2010)
15 rowspan="2" bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Benigno Aquino III Benigno Aquino III
(born 1960)
Liberal June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2016
(Template:Age in years and days)
2010 bgcolor="Template:Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan/meta/color"| Jejomar Binay
(PDP–Laban, later UNA)
bgcolor="Template:United Nationalist Alliance/meta/color"|
16 bgcolor="Template:Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan/meta/color"| Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Duterte
(born 1945)
PDP–Laban June 30, 2016 – present
(Template:Age in years and days)
2016 bgcolor="Template:Liberal Party (Philippines)/meta/color"| Leni Robredo
(Liberal)

Notes

Template:Notelist

Statistics

Template:Politics of the Philippines

  • Longest serving President: Ferdinand Marcos (5,259 days)
  • Shortest serving President: Jose P. Laurel (479 days)

Footnotes


References

See also

Template:Philippine presidents


Citation

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