Premio Zobel

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Premio Zóbel is a Philippine literary award conferred on Filipino writers in Spanish language. It was established to revivify the Spanish language and to promote the best writing created by Filipino authors in the language. Founded in 1920, it is the only literary prize in Asia that promotes Spanish language and the oldest literary award in the country.

Mechanics

The primary objective of Premio Zóbel is to give recognition Filipino writers in and advocates for Spanish language.[1] The candidate must possess Spanish fluency. Awardees are judged members of the Academia Filipina, an association promoting the advocacy of Spanish in the Philippines. In recent years, the criteria in selecting the winners had broadened. They may or may not need to have written a body of work, as the recognition can be given to anyone who champion the Spanish language.[2]

History

Premio Zóbel was founded by businessman and philanthropist Enrique Zóbel de Ayala[1] in 1920, considered to be the oldest literary award in the Philippines and the only literary prize in Asia dedicated to promoting the Spanish language.[3][4] Zóbel advocated for the preservation of linkage between the Philippines and Spain through culture and the cultivation of Philippine literature in Spanish. He established the award amidst the American colonization in the first few decades of the 20th century, the rise of the English language as medium of instruction in schools, and the waning of the use of the Spanish language as lingua franca in government and the elite. He was quoted to have said, "No quiero que el español muera en Filipinas. ("I don’t want Spanish to die in the Philippines.")"[2] The award was continued by his daughter, Gloria Zóbel de Padilla, after his demise.[5]

The awarding ceremony had been previously held at the Casino Español de Manila. It was later moved to the InterContinental Manila hotel.[2] At its height, it was a literary and social event covered extensively in the media.[6]

Present

Currently, the award is organized under the leadership of the children of Gloria Zóbel de Padilla - Georgina Z. Padilla de Mac-Crohon[7][8] and Alejandro Z. Padilla.[2]

The history of Spanish language in the Philippines, history of the Zóbel de Ayala family, history of the Premio Zóbel,[2] and short biographies of past winners as well as excerpts of their work[1] are contained in the book, "81 Years of Premio Zóbel: A Legacy of Philippine Literature in Spanish". Written by the 1998 awardee professor Lourdes Brillantes, it was supported by Spanish Embassy Ambassador Delfin Colome and the Fundacion Santiago for the Philippine Centennial.[2]

List of Winners

Below is the list of awardees through the years.[9]

Year Awardee Works
2000 Lina Obieta De Sevilla Founder of Fundacion de la Lengua Hispanica en Filipinas[3]
1999 Rosario Gonzalez De Manalo
1998 Lourdes C. Brillantes[10]
1997 Isabel Caro Wilson
1996 Francisco C. Delgado
1995 José S. Arcilla, S. J.
1994 Jaime Cardinal Sin
1993 Blas F. Ople
1992 Napoleon G. Rama
1991 Gabriel Casal, O.S.B.
1990 Alejandro R. Roces
1989 Rosalinda Orosa
1988 Miguel Ma. Varela, S.J.
1987 Juan José Rocha
1986 Raúl S. Manglapus
1985 Antonio M. Molina Historia de Filipinas
1984 Lelilia Cortés Fernández
Carlos De La Rosa
1983 Bartolomé Briones
Msgr. Diosdado Talamayan
1982 Belén S. Argüelles
Severina Luna de Orosa
1981 Enrique Centenera
Edmundo Farolán Tercera Primavera
1980 Rosario Valdés Lamug
Delfín G. Gumbán
1979 Arturo R. Calsado
Luis Garchitorena
1978 Federico Espino Licsi
Luis Garchitorena
1977 Lourdes J. Custodio
Enrique O. Muñoz
1976 Amado Yuzon
Francisco C. Palisoc
1975 Guillermo Gómez Rivera El Caserón
1974 Bienvenido De La Paz
1966 Benito Valdéz Vaccani Latidos (Vibrations)
1965 José Ma. del Mar Perfiles (Profiles)
1964 Nilda Guerrero Barranco Nostalgias
1963 León Ma. Guerrero El Sí y El No (Yes and No)
1962 Vicente Padriga Vino Viejo en Odres Nuevos (Old Wine in New Bottles)
Alejo Arce El Bicolano y su Ambiente (The Bicolano and His Environment)
1961 Juan Martínez Cucullú Flaquezas
Francisco Zaragoza Castalia Intima
1960 Antonio L. Serrano Orgullo de Raza
Fernando De La Concepción Cumbre Y Abismo
1959 Emeterio Barcelón Y Barceló Soriano Soriano Un Tagalo Escribe En Español
Vicente Guzmán Rivas En España Son Así
César T. Mata Modismos Castellanos
Sixto Y. Orosa El Patriotismo en Las Poesías de Rizal
1957 Esperanza Lázaro De Baxter Romancero Sentimental (Romances)
1955 José P. Bantug Bosquejo Histórico de la Medicina
Adelina Gurrea Monasterio A Lo Largo del Camino
1954 Enrique Fernández Lumba Hispanofilia Filipina
1953 Joaquín Lim Jaramillo Las Figuras Y La Crítica Literaria
Vicente De Jesús Apolíneas
1941 Francisco Rodríguez Cuentos y Ensayos
1940 Luis Guzmán Rivas Pigmeos
1939 Rafael S. Ripoll Esbozos
1938 Francisco Varona Negros
Manuel De Los Reyes Prontuario de Palabras Y Frances Mal Empleadas en Filipinas
1937 Antonio Fernández Salmos de Oro (Psalms of Gold)
Vicente Zacarías Arévalo Facetas (Facets)
1936 Ramón Escoda El Canto del Solitario (The Song of the Lonely)
Benigno Del Río El Hjo de Madame Butterfly (The Son of Madam Butterfly)
Antonio Ma. Cavanna Escarceos Literarios (Literary Attempts)
1935 Evengelina Guerrero Zacarías Kaleidoscopio Espiritual
José Reyes En Aras del Ideal
1934 Pedro Aunario En el Yunque Cotidiano
Alejo Valdés Pica De La Vida
Pacífico Victoriano Arpegios
Francisco Villanueva Trabajo literario
1933 Buenaventura L. Varona El Nieto de Cabesang Tales
1932 Dra. Inés Villa Filipinas en el Camino de Cultura
1931 Jose R. Teotico Del Momento Hispánico
Román Joven Crónicas e Interviews
1930 Leoncio González Liquete Repertorio Histórico, Biográfico
Dra. María Paz Mendoza Guázon Notas de Viaje
1929 Antonio Abad La Oveja de Nathan (Nathan's Sheep), novel[4]
Flavio Zaragoza Cano Mis escudo de Nobleza/ Cruz Espada y flor
1928 Antonio Abad El Ultimo Romantico, novel[10]
Manuel Rávago Peregrinando (On a Pilgrimage)
1927 Joaquín Ramírez de Arellano Mrs. Morton
José Hernandez Gavira Lo Que Vimos En Joló y Zamboanga; Sus
1926 Jesús Balmori Hombre y mujer
Manuel Bernabe
1925 Enrique K. Laygo Caretas
1924 Manuel Bernabé Rubaiyat
1923 Buenaventura Rodríguez La Pugna
1922 Guillermo Gómez Windham La Carrera de Candida

Further reading

  • Brillantes, Lourdes Castrillo. 81 Years of Premio Zóbel: A Legacy of Philippine Literature in Spanish, Filipinas Heritage Library (2006)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 81 Years of Premio Zobel book.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Enriquez, Marge C. (June 17, 2001). The saga of the Premio Zobel. Alt URL
  3. 3.0 3.1 BusinessWorld | Premio Zobel winner finds new audience with translation (en-US).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Armando, Babiera (August 10, 2013). A Book Launch Befitting the Premio Zobel. The Freeman through Pressreader.
  5. Picornell, Jaime (2013-08-04). Long-lost Philippine ‘War & Peace’ novel reissued in handsome bilingual edition (en-US).
  6. Litton, Johnny (February 18, 2007). Premio Zobel.
  7. Arcache, Maurice (June 21, 2001). Premio Zobel’s grand 81st anniversary bash.
  8. Tatler, Philippine (2019-02-28). Georgina Padilla-Mac-Crohon (en-PH).
  9. Premio Zobel Awardees.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Utzurrum, Chinggay V. (2013-09-04). Utzurrum: El Premio Zobel and Fr. Jerry’s visit (English).