There is an immense abundance of literary works reminiscent of Filipino folk traditions from the pre-Hispanic indigenous Austronesian civilizations, influences from the hundred years of Spanish colonization, and development of Western ideologies. Ancient folk literature of different ethnic groups in the Philippines includes a repertoire of oral literature that varies from folk tales, epics, poems, and chants that have always been part of the early days. These were mostly imparted through word of mouths to the generations that followed along with many traditional beliefs and superstitions. Hence, the tales about Bathala, Mariang Makiling, Lam-ang, aswangs, and other mythical creatures and deities have been continuously circulating across the islands for centuries now.
WikiPilipinas hopes to establish the Encyclopedia of Philippine Folklore as a repository of knowledge of accounts of the country's folk literature based on Prof. Damiana Eugenio's classification of folk narratives, folk speech, and folk songs. In this encyclopedia, WikiPilipinas also recognizes the diversity of Filipinos' beliefs and traditions present in every ethnic groups in the Philippines. Moreover, the enrichment of both aspects through the years of tremendous cross-cultural integration.
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