Portal: Flora

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Flora de Filipinas

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Cosmos caudatus

Flora de Filipinas is an iconic botanical text published by Father Manuel Blanco in 1837. It documents hundreds of Philippine plant species according to their popular usage.

Fr. Blanco was a member of the Augustinian Order assigned to the Philippines in 1805 and travelled through the archipelago. He was deeply impressed by the beauty of the islands and desired to know more about the unusual vegetation he encountered. He assembled the first comprehensive flora of the area and described some 1,000 species. He began his early plant studies as a hobby using the Systema Vegetabilium (1774) written by renowned Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus as his only guide.

The first edition was published in 1937 and the second one was expanded by Fr. Blanco’s notes shortly before his death in 1845. It was also during this time that German-Dutch botanist Carl Ludwig Blume named the palm genus Blancoa in his honor.

After Fr. Blanco’s death, several more editions were published including the 1877-83 Third Edition in six volumes with over a thousand plant descriptions and 477 detailed color illustrations created in Barcelona by Filipino and Spanish art masters. The grand folio edition was limited only to 500 copies and was published in Manila. In 1993, a facsimile edition was produced but only had a limited number of copies and is thus considered rare.


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The Philippines is blessed with a large variety of ecosystems that resulted in the country's rich flora. This lushness inspired many botanists and naturalists from the past such as Fr. Manuel Blanco, Georg Joseph Kamela, and Eduardo Quisumbing to publish their iconic botanical texts to document thousands of Philippine plant species and their functions.

Inspired by these references, Wikipilipinas brings you the Flora de Filipinas Special Portal. This portal aims to create awareness about our country's rich biodiversity by providing you information at your fingertips. It takes pride in the country's thousands of native plant species, half of which are endemic to the Philippines. Articles about species are carefully written by our editorial team and contributors, making sure to list important details without sounding highly technical for easy reading. We hope that these information will not only sharpen our familiarity with our flora, but also generally deepen our appreciation of the incredible environment unique to our land.

Click here to view the Portal Outline