Philippine National Red Cross
The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) is an autonomous, nongovernmental humanitarian organization that was founded with the objective of providing a sustained and effective humanitarian and social welfare service to protect human life and health. Established in 1947 as an independent movement, it was initially involved only in the provision of blood and short-term palliatives as well as participation in disaster-related activities. Through the years, however, the organization has also focused on a wider array of humanitarian services, most especially in providing emergency medical services, in coordination with the Philippine government.
The PRC adheres International Committee of the Red Cross, the Nobel Prize Laureate and the oldest and most honoured humanitarian organization based in Geneva, Switzerland. The National Headquarters of the PRC is located at 37 EDSA corner Boni Avenue, Mandaluyong, Metro Manila. Its current chairman is Senator Richard "Dick" Gordon.
Apolinario Mabini encouraged the Malolos Republic to form a national Red Cross organization. On February 17, 1899, the Malolos Republic approved the Constitution of the National Association of the Red Cross. The government appointed Hilaria del Rosario de Aguinaldo – the consort of President Emilio Aguinaldo – as the first head of the Association.
Filipino diplomat Felipe Agoncillo, met with Gustave Moynier, an original member of the Committee of Five and ICRC President on 29 August 1900. He sought recognition of the Filipino Red Cross Society as well as the application of the First Geneva Convention during the Philippine–American War.
American Colonial Period
On August 30, 1905, the American Red Cross (ARC) formed a Philippine Branch with Filipino and American leaders at the Ayuntamiento. After several years of continuous effort, the ANRC officially recognized it as a Chapter on December 4, 1917.
In 1934, President Manuel L. Quezon established an independent Philippine Red Cross. However, because the Philippines was a territory and later a Commonwealth under United States sovereignty, it could not sign the Geneva Conventions and therefore it could not be recognized by the ICRC. In 1942, during the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, the Japanese created a Philippine Red Cross that they controlled to care for internees. Once Manila was liberated by combined American and Filipino forces in 1945, local Red Cross officials and the ANRC re-established an independent Red Cross.
Post World War II
The Philippines gained independence from the United States on July 4, 1946. Dr. J. Horacio Yanzon was appointed the first Filipino Red Cross Manager in December 1946, with thirty-six Red Cross chapters initially set up in the country. On 14 February 1947, President Manuel A. Roxas signed the Treaty of Geneva and the Prisoners of War Convention. On 22 March 1947 President Roxas signed Republic Act 95, the Philippine Red Cross (PRC) Charter.
The ICRC approved the recognition of the PRC, and telegraphed First Lady Aurora Aragon Quezon, the first PRC Chairman, on 29 March 1947. Philippine Red Cross (PRC) had an inaugural ceremony on 15 April 1947.
The PRC was admitted as a bona fide member of the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies on 17 September 1947.
Since 2004, the Chairman of the PRC Board of Governors is Senator Richard J. Gordon. Since 1965, actress Rosa Rosal has sat on the Board of Governors. Rosal was awarded in 1999 the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service for her activities with the PRC.
The Philippine Red Cross Act of 2009
The consolidation of the Senate Bill 3285 and House Bill 6509 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, and is now known as Republic Act No. 10072 or The Philippine Red Cross Act of 2009. The law is an affirmation of the country's "conformity with the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their additional protocols, and the Statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement," as well as a confirmation of Philippine Red Cross' stand as a "voluntary, independent and autonomous nongovernmental society auxiliary to the authorities of the Republic of the Philippines in the humanitarian field."
Apart from the apparent change in the organization's name from "Philippine National Red Cross" to "Philippine Red Cross" - included in the Act's new provisions is the organizations' exemption from real property taxes, direct and indirect taxes, duties and fees that will emerge from its operations and its exclusive importations and purchases.
Paramedical response vehicle
A list of vehicles presently used.
|Photos||Model||Origin||Type||Number of units||Note|
|Toyota Hiace||Template:Flag||Ambulance||117+||used in all Philippine Red Cross Chapter|
|Toyota Land Cruiser LC 78||Ambulance 4X4|
|Ford E-250||Template:Flag||Ambulance||3||used in National Headquarters|
|Ford Ranger||Template:Flag||Ambulance 4X4||used in all Philippine Red Cross Chapter|
|Foton TransVan HR||Template:Flag||Ambulance||used in selected Philippine Red Cross Chapter|
|Isuzu Elf||Template:Flag||Ambulance Truck|
|Nissan Atlas||Ambulance Truck|
|Hino Ranger||Template:Flag||Light Fire engine||used by Emergency Response Unit|
|Isuzu Elf||Light Fire engine|
|Mitsubishi Fuso||Heavy Fire engine / Water tender|
|Mitsubishi Canter||Light Fire engine|
|Nissan Safari||Mini Pumper|
Disaster Response Equipment
|Amphibian vehicle||Template:Flag||Amphibian vehicle||used in National Headquarters|
|Humvees||Template:Flag||Off-road Emergency Vehicles||used in selected Philippine Red Cross Chapter|
|Isuzu NPR||Template:Flag||Disaster response vehicle||used by Emergency Response Unit|
|Isuzu SKW 8PD1||Military rescue truck||for Humanitarian aid purpose|
|M/V Amazing Grace||Template:Flag||Humanitarian aid ship||used in National Headquarters|
Six Major Services
At present, the PRC provides six major services: National Blood Services, Disaster Management Services, Safety Services, Health Services, Welfare Services and Red Cross Youth. All of them embody the fundamental principles of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement – humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. These values guide and inspire all Red Cross staff and volunteers, to whom being a Red Crosser is more than just a philosophy but a way of life. The National Headquarters of the Philippine Red Cross us located at 37 EDSA corner Boni Avenue, Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila.
Duterte vs Gordon
President Rodrigo Duterte has sought to have the PRC audited by the Commission on Audit (COA). This came after Richard Gordon, the current chairman of the PRC, led the Blue Ribbon Committee to investigate Pharmally Pharmaceuticals Corporation, which was flagged by the COA for the alleged overpriced transactions with the government. Pharmally's executives are said to have connections with long-time presidential adviser and current senator Bong Go. The COA, however, said that agency had no jurisdiction to audit a private organization like the PRC, although he acknowledged that it could audit the payments delivered by the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) to the nonprofit. Duterte threatened to halt deals with the PRC if the COA fails to audit the organization.
- Constitution and by-laws of the Philippine Red Cross, February 17, 1899.
- Filipiniana.net Online Digital Library.
- About the Philippine Red Cross.