Pedro Cui

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Pedro Cui
22 February 1847 – 5 June 1926
Place of birth: Cebu, Cebu
Place of death: Barili, Cebu
Parents: Miguel Cui and Maria Revilles

Pedro Cui (22 February 1847 – 5 June 1926) was a Cebuano lawyer, businessman, and philanthropist. He and his older sister, Benigna Cui, established the Hospicio de San José de Barili, a charitable institution in Barili, Cebu.

Early Life and Education

Cui was born on 22 February 1847 in Cebu, Cebu. He was the youngest child of Miguel Cui, a businessman and trader, and Maria Revilles, a cloth weaver.

After being first formally schooled under the supervision of private tutors, he was enrolled in the Colegio de San Carlos in Cebu. In May 1865, he was sent to Manila to study in the University of Santo Tomas. He then began studying law in 1869 and graduated in 1873 with the degree of licenciado en jurisprudencia. Three years later, he received the degree of licenciado en derecho civil, and seven years after that the degree of bachiller en derecho civil. While studying in Manila, he became his sister’s representative in her business transactions.


Cui returned to Cebu and practiced his law profession. Once he defended a man who was accused of murder and won the case. Soon after, he discovered that his client was indeed guilty of the crime and it is said that the discovery made him so disappointed that hestopped practicing law.

In 1878, he joined his sister in her tobacco trading business. He devised an improvement in their sales method by classifying tobacco leaves. When the tobacco monopoly was abolished by the Spanish government sometime in 1884, he continued to transact business with the Compañia Genera de Tabacos de Filipinas. The said company employed agents from all over the country and Cui became one of the agents for Cebu.

He also ventured into trading sugar. He bought lands in Dakil, Barili, and Cebu and converted these into sugar plantations. His sugar plantations became so large that he eventually needed to employ other people to manage them.

Cui became councilman of the Ayuntamiento of Cebu and was the designated auxiliary justice of the Audiencia Territorial of Cebu. When the Revolution spread in April 1898, he was imprisoned under charges of complicity but was released before the year ended.

He had buildings constructed on Magallanes Street in Cebu and rented them out as the need for boarding houses arose before the establishment of the American military regime in Cebu.

In 1901, Cui became one of the first councilors of Cebu.

Founding and Supporting the Hospicio de San José de Barili

In 1925, Cui and his older sister Benigna donated all of their wealth to build a charitable institution in Barili that would soon become the first Home for the Aged in the province of Cebu. The place was called Hospicio de San José de Barili. Aside from the old people, they also took in scholars who were stuying medicine and pharmacy.

Family and Personal Life

Cui never married. He died on 5 June 1926, only a year after the Hospicio was established.




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