Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas

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The Philippine Democratic Socialist Party (Filipino: Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas, PDSP) is a center-left political party in the Philippines founded in 1973 by Norberto Gonzales and Romeo Intengan. Its ideologies include democratic socialism, social democracy, and grassroots politics.

It was one of the member parties that formed the United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) in January 1980 to oust then President Ferdinand Marcos through a legal process. In the 1986 Snap Elections, it supported the candidacy of Corazon C. Aquino and Salvador H. Laurel.

History

In 1970, the Hasik Kalayaan of Norberto Gonzales and Kilusan ng mga Anak ng Kalayaan by Dr. Romeo Intengan merged. In April 1971, an ideological seminar was participated by Norberto Gonzales, Fernando Gonzales, Antonio Asper, Gregorio Nazarrea, and Romeo Intengan. On 7 July 1972, a democratic socialist orientation was held by the Katipunan ng mga Demokratiko-Sosyalistang Pilipino (KDSP), with Norberto Gonzales as Secretary General.

The PDSP was established on 1 May 1973 with the aims of establishing and expanding a progressive and democratic alternative to the Marcos Dictatorship and to Marxism-Leninism.

To help consolidate the newly restored democracy, the PDSP mobilized and educated small farmers and fisherfolk, workers, the urban poor, women, youth, Bangsamoro, and the indigenous peoples of the country. They also helped draft laws and government regulations.

In 1977, the Katipunan ng Bayan Para sa Kalayaan (KABAKA) was formed to bring together moderate opposition to the Marcos regime. In 1980, the PDSP transferred its headquarters to Mindanao. In December 1980, the party held dialogues with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).

In May and June 1982, the Malaysian government allowed PDSP members to go home or into exile. Gonzales and Intengan went to Europe. In August 1982, the party leadership in exile established a headquarters in Madrid, Spain under the protection of fraternal party Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE). Communication with the Socialist International began. It also forged ties with the Movement for a Free Philippines (MFP) and other democratic groups opposed to the Marcos regime. The PDSP helped mobilize mass campaigns that eventually led to the 1986 People Power Revolution.

The PDSP was accredited by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) as a legitimate political party in 1990. It became a consultative member of the Socialist International (SI) in 1992 and was granted a full member status in the SI in 2019.

In 1996, the PDSP also actively participated in interfaith dialogues between Christian and Muslim groups in the country. This led to the creation of Bishops Ulama Conference with Romeon Intengan S.J. and Dr. Mahid Mutilan.

From August 2000 to January 2001, the PDSP played a major role in mobilizing groups to impeach then President Joseph Estrada. The impeachment and walkout by members of the Senate of the Philippines resulted to the Second EDSA Revolution.

It was also in 2001 when party Chair Norberto Gonzales became Presidential Adviser for Special Concerns that the PDSP entered the administration coalition. Gonzales also became National Security Adviser in 2005.

A Special Congress of the PDSP was held on 27 to 29 December 2003 at Manila. Norberto Gonzales was reelected Chair while Elizabeth Angsioco was elected Vice Chair and Timoteo Aranjuez was elected General Secretary.

In January 2007, Atty. Ramel Muria was elected Acting General Secretary. In July 2007, Gonzales was appointed Secretary of the Department of National Defense (DND).

In June 2009, PDSP Secretary General Danilo Yang, a human rights defender and Provincial Board Member in Laguna was assassinated by alleged members of the Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army (CPP-NPA). In 2014, the gunmen responsible for his assassination were arrested by the Philippine National Police (PNP).

On 30 September 2021, PDSP Chair Norberto Gonzales expressed his plans of running for President in the 2022 elections and reaffirmed the PDSP’s views of elections as vehicles for change.

Party Platform

The PDSP envisions a first world Philippines and released a document entitled Building a New Philippines. Good politics and governance provide the foundation for an upright, disciplined, and prosperous country.

The three major points of the document include: A. Social initiative of like-minded groups to actively contribute in discussions and fora. B. New breed of leaders to cultivate others and lead by example. Patriots are imbued and guided by a deep sense of nationalism. C. A program to develop the country economically, politically, and culturally.

The 13 Principles of the party are:

  1. The Human Being as an Embodied Spirit or a Psychocorporeal Being.
  2. The Human Being’s Normal Capacity for Personhood, entailing moral responsibility, rights, and duties.
  3. The Essential Equality of Human Beings.
  4. The Social Nature of Human Beings and the State as a Natural Institution.
  5. The Principle of Subsidiarity.
  6. The Preferential Option for the Poor and Marginalized.
  7. Work as a Right and Duty of Human Beings.
  8. The Obligation to Patriotism.
  9. The Rights of Nations.
  10. The Universal Purpose of Property or Custodianship for the Common Good.
  11. The Transcendent Moral Responsibility of Human Beings and the Primacy of Moral Law.
  12. The Moral Ambivalence of Human Persons.
  13. The Abuse of Power in All Fields of Human Activity as the Real Structural Origin of Alienation.


Notable Members

  • Norberto Gonzales- former Secretary of the DND and National Security Adviser
  • Romeo Intengan- Filipino doctor, social activist, and Jesuit priest
  • Sultan Jamalul Kiram III- Sultan of Sulu
  • Danilo Yang- Human rights defender and former Provincial Board Member in Laguna
  • Atty. Jose Sonny Matula- labor leader and lawyer
  • Atty. Ramel Muria- Faculty member of the Far Eastern University (FEU)
  • Jovit Reyes- Former Mayor of Pangil, Laguna
  • Wilmer Borbon- Former Mayor of Danglas, Abra
  • Bernard Austria- Community organizer and senatorial candidate



References



Citation

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