Nieves Baens Del Rosario

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Nieves Baens Del Rosario was a novelist and a worker's rights advocate. Her Erlinda ng Bataan was one of the most celebrated novels in the 20th century.

Serving the Department of Labor since 1923, she was a clerk in 1923-1926; chief of the Women and Children's Section in 1926-1930; chief of the Workmen's Compensation Commission in 1957-1959; Director of the Bureau of Workmen's Compensation; and chairman of Workmen's Compensation and Commission in 1959-1967.


She was born in Orani, Bataan, on July 24, 1902. She is the sixth of nine children of Professor Pablo Baens and Petra Sevilla. An Executive, lawyer, lecturer, writer, feminist, labor, and above all, wife and mother. She went to Manila to take up law after finishing her elementary course as valedictorian in her hometown and the secondary course at the Balanga High School as salutatorian. She work as a clerk in Bureau of Labor in 1923 at forty pesos a month. Upon finishing the law course at the Philippine Law School and passing the bar in the same year, she was promoted to Chief of the Women and Child Section in the Bureau of Labor.


She reached a high point in her Government career when she appointed as a Chief of the Workmen's Compensation Division in the Bureau of Labor in 1930. Among her achievements as president of the Philippine Government Employees' Association for six years are: the first proclamation of Government Employees Week ; the issuance of the first commemorative stamp in honor of government employees; the enactment of law granting five working days a week to government workers; the presentation of model employees in the national government upon invitation of former President Garcia; the acquisition of a one-hectare lot in Quezon City for the PGEA during the time of President Magsaysay and the subsequent initial construction of the PGEA building; the reduction of interest from 8% to 6% on GSIS loans; the payment of lump sum of the retirement pay without any without any discount; the enactment of Republic Act No. 772 which increased compensation and extended coverage to government manual workers; and the enactment of Republic Act No. 4119 which further increased compensation benefits and extended coverage to all government officials and employees except elective ones.


  • de Guzman,Jovita V.,Vicente A. Santiago,Remedios T. de Leon and Teresita E. Erestain. Women Of Distinction; Biographical Essays on Outstanding Filipino Women of the Past and the Present. Philippines: Bukang Liwayway, 1967
  • Human Development Sector. Sulong Pilipina! Sulong Pilipinas! A Compilation of Filipino Women Centennial Awardees. National Centennial Commission -Women's Sector. Taft Avenue, Manila:1999.



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