Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta

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Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta (1701 – 1771)[1] was the Bishop of Cebu from 18 July 1757 to 1771.[2] Born in Manila to Spanish parents, he was also appointed as acting Governor-General of the Philippines after the death of Governor-General Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban in 1759.[3]


Ezpeleta was born in Manila in 1701.[4] He was appointed as Bishop of Cebu on 18 July 1757, and was ordained a year after by Manuel de Matos, OFM, the Bishop of Nueva Caceres.[5]

When Governor-General Santisteban died in 1759, Ezpeleta assumed the position of acting Governor-General.[6] Under normal circumstances, the Archbishop of Manila should assume the position while the royal government has yet to appoint a new Governor-General. However, because there was no Archbishop at that time, Ezpeleta, being the senior prelate of the archipelago at that time, assumed the position against the will of the Real Audiencia.[7] He wassupposed to end his term on 22 July 1759 when the new archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Viera arrived, but he refused to step down.[8] He sought support from the Real Audiencia, of which two of four sided with him and the other two sided with Rojo.[9] They then brought the question to the Council of the Indies with prosecutor Francisco Leandro de Viana.[10]

During his administration as acting Governor-General, Ezpeleta tried to overturn the reforms and decrees introduced by Governor-General Santisteban.[11] He suppressed the armada commissioned by Santisteban to protect the Jesuit missionaries who were converting Muslims in Iligan Bay because the Augustinian Recollect missionaries in Cáraga and Butuan had filed a complaint that they were not getting protection.[12]

In July 1761, a royal decree from King Charles III ordered Ezpeleta to step down.[13] Ezpeleta then turned over the administration to Archbishop Rojo.[14]

Expeleta died in 1771.[15]


  1. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta †," accessed 13 January 2021, http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/blinoe.html
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 293.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  4. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  5. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  6. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  7. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  8. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  10. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  13. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  14. Quirino, Old Manila, 293.
  15. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta †," accessed 13 January 2021, http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/blinoe.html

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