Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang
Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang (Tagalog, literally "The Stories of Grandmother Basyang") is an anthology of short stories written by "Lola Basyang," the nom de plume of Severino Reyes, founder and editor of the Tagalog magazine, Liwayway. The original magazine stories have since been adapted into books, comics, television, and film.
In 1925, Reyes wrote a series of short stories under the series title Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang for Liwayway, the Tagalog-language magazine. Reyes, also known as "Don Binoy", adopted the persona of Lola Basyang, an elderly woman fond of telling stories to her grandchildren, a character similar in form and function to Mother Goose. The name Basyang is a localized provincial name for the Spanish name Basilia.
In 1949, Reyes' son Pedrito Reyes, decided to revive the Lola Basyang stories in comic book form, locally known as komiks. It was a golden age for Philippine komiksTemplate:Cn and Pedrito used his father's original scripts to produce the comics that appeared in the earliest issues of Tagalog Klasiks. The illustrations were done by Maning De Leon, Jesus Ramos, and later on Ruben Yandoc.
From 1946 to 1972, the golden ages of komiks and movies in the Philippines coincided. Since komiks were a popular form of entertainment in the Philippines, movie producers created some of the greatest box-office blockbusters from them. Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang was produced by Sampaguita Pictures in 1958 as a quartet feature of two Lola Basyang stories:
Dolphy starred in Si Pedrong Walang Takot ("Fearless Peter"). The cowardly Pedro gains courage by means of an enchanted bell that he used to scare away a kapre (a hairy giant from Philippine mythology).
The second story is Ang Mahiwagang Kuba ("The Enchanted Hunchback"). Prince Jorge (Carlos Salazar) is an enchanted prince, who was cursed to become a hideous hunchback until a beautiful lady with a golden heart gives her love to him. In his quest for this beautiful lady, he meets Princess Lucinda, who promises to marry anyone who can heal the ailing king. He also meets a kind-hearted beggar named Feli (Marlene Dauden), who helps him without expecting anything in return. Can the prince heal the ailing king? Is Princess Lucinda the answer to the prince's prayer? Who will truly break the curse?
The third story is Ang Dakilang Puso ng Isang Ina ("A Mother's Great Heart") is a family drama which starred Rosa Mia, Tony Marzan and Priscilla Valdez.
The fourth story was Ang Prinsesang Naging Pulubi ("The Princess Who Became a Pauper"). A Princess from a faraway land (portrayed by Gloria Romero) rejected all of her high-profile suitors, believing that material riches cannot provide genuine happiness. Her constantly spurning her suitors provoked the ire of her father, the King, who decreed that she be given in marriage to the first beggar who enters the royal garden. In that fortunate Beggar (played by Juancho Gutierrez), the Princess found true love.
In 1985, Regal Films produced Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang. The trilogy's lovable Lola Basyang was portrayed by Chichay, with whom the role is still associated. Directed by Maryo J. de los Reyes, the three stories featured the most popular love teams of the era: Gabby Concepcion and Snooky Serna; William Martinez and Maricel Soriano; and Nora Aunor and Tirso Cruz III.
The second story, Zombie, had a horror-comedy slant, and starred Maricel Soriano and William Martinez, along with Manilyn Reynes. The three get lost while on a camping trip, and enter an eerie house manned by the creepy and funny Palito. While eating a stew filled with human entrails, they accept his offer to sleep at the decrepit house, and manage to stay alive.
The third episode is a semi-musical titled Kerubín ("Cherubim"). A group of child labourers work for three, mean old ladies led by Bella Flores. Kerubín (played by Chuckie Dreyfus), an angel sent from heaven, frees the children from the clutches of the evil crones. Nora Aunor stars as the virtuous niece of the mean old hags, while Tirso Cruz III, Lou Veloso, Sheryl Cruz and Tina Paner also appear.
The stories in this production did not use original Mga Kwento ni Lola Basyang stories.
In 2012, Unitel Pictures announced its remake movie which was supposed to be a part of MMFF 2012, but the firm postponed it. As of today, the movie's fate is uncertain.
In 1997, Tahanan Books published a collection of twelve Lola Basyang tales. Poet and literary critic Bienvenido Lumbera sifted through hundreds of manuscripts to select the best of Reyes' tales, while author and publisher Gilda Cordero-Fernando gave an original English translation. The series was illustrated by renowned children's book illustrator Albert Gamos, who produced over 30 drawings. The books won the Gintong Aklat ("Golden Book") for Children's Literature and the National Book Award for Best Anthology.
Anvil Publishing picture books
In 2006, Anvil Publishing, Inc. relaunched Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang as a series of picture books based on Reyes' material, retold by Christine Bellen. All books were illustrated by Frances C. Alcaráz, Albert Gamos, Elbert Or, Liza A. Flores and Ruben de Jesús.
The eleven picture books are:
- Ang Alamat ng Lamok (The Legend of the Mosquito; originally titled Ang Parusa ng Higante, The Giant's Curse)
- Ang Mahiwagang Biyulin (The Magical Violin)
- Ang Sultan Saif (Saif the Sultan)
- Parusa ng Duwende (The Dwarf's Curse)
- Plautin ni Periking (Periking's Flute)
- Rosa Mistica (Mystical Rose)
- Ang Binibining Tumalo sa Hari (The Maiden Who Defeated a King)
- Ang Prinsipe ng mga Ibon (The Prince of the Birds)
- Ang Prinsipeng Duwag (The Cowardly Prince)
- Si Pandakotyong (Pandakotyong)
- Ang Prinsipeng Mahaba ang Ilong (The Prince with the Long Nose)
- "Who is Lola Basyang?", abs-cbnNEWS.com, 2010-07-14.
- "Remembering Lola Basyang", INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos, 2010-07-15.
- Dennis Villegas. The Story of Ace Publications. Alanguilan.com.
- Literature Study Guides - By Popularity. eNotes.com.
- Gonzales, Rommel. Manilyn Reynes takes on the role of a storyteller in "Lola Basyang". pep.ph.