Martin de Urzua

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Martín de Urzúa y Arismendi (or Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi) (7 February 1653 – 4 February 1715)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 25 August 1709 to 4 February 1715.[2]

Biography

Urzúa was from an illustrious family in Navarra, Spain.[3] He was the son of Juan de Ursúa Arizmendi and María de Aguirre y Latadi.[4] He moved to Nueva España (Mexico), where he occupied various political positions.[5] He became interim governor of the province of Yucatan, during which he facilitated the construction of a road that would link his province with Guatemala.[6] After his term as governor, he went back to Spain, and was appointed as Governor-General of the Philippines on 3 August 1704.[7]

He began his term as Governor-General on 25 August 1709, succeeding Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri. He supported expeditions to the Palau Islands in 1710 and 1712.[8] He also sent expeditions to the Marianas Islands after the English arrived there.[9] He drew up measures to reduce the presence of Moro traders, Armenians, and non-Catholics within Catholic areas and confine them in places such as the Parian.[10] He also supported the continuation of works for the Royal Seminary in Manila.[11]

During his term, he witnessed disagreements between the Recollects and other ecclesiastics, as well as between members of the Real Audiencia.[12]

His term of office ended after he died on 4 February 1715. José Torralba then assumed the position of governor-general.[13]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi," accessed 22 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/16100/martin-de-ursua-y-arizmendi
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 292.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  11. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 292; Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi."

Citation

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