Mariano Gomes

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Mariano Gomes (2 August 1799 – 17 February 1872) was a Filipino priest, an advocate of the secularization movement in the Philippines, and member of the Gomburza who were falsely accused of mutiny by the Spanish authorities in the Philippines.

An illustration of Father Mariano Gomes, one of the members of the Gomburza who was executed for being falsely accused of organizing the Cavite mutiny in 1872. (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Regenerate)

Early Life

Gomes was born in Sta. Cruz, Manila to wealthy Filipino-Chinese parents. He was first tutored by his father before he took his primary education at San Jose College. At the age of 16, he earned a degree in philosophy. He then studied law at the University of Santo Tomas, but then decided to become a priest. His parents were surprised by his decision to be a priest. Eventually, he obtained his degree in theology with high honors.

As Clergyman

Gomes officiated his first mass on 28 May 1824 and was appointed parish priest of Bacoor, Cavite. As a native secular priest, he was among those who believed that parishes should be turned over to the secular clergy. He became instrumental in the surrender of Luis Parang to the Spanish authorities.

Fight against Spanish authorities

Gomes founded the newspaper La Verdad, which published articles that exposed the abuses of both political and ecclesiastical officials. He also helped finance the publication of compatriot Father Jose Burgos's article defending the native secular clergy.

Arrest and Execution

Because of his principles and high regard to his parishioners, Gomes was defended by the people of Bacoor when he was about to be arrested by the Spaniards as a result of accusations that he was involved in the Cavite mutiny on 20 January 1872 together with Burgos and Father Jacinto Zamora.

The three of them were executed by means of garrote on 17 February 1872 at Bagumbayan.

About His Surname

Gomes never signed his name with the Spanish letter “z” but with the Tagalog “s” as an act of resistance to the Spaniards.

Reference

  • Quirino, Carlos. 1995. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books.

Citation

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