Manuel Pavia

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A lithograph of Manuel Pavía y Lacy, Governor-General of the Philippines (1852-1854) (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/José Gil de Dorregaray, Antonio Benavides Fernández de Navarrete)

Manuel Pavía y Lacy, Marquis de Novaliches (6 July 1814 – 22 October 1896)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 2 February 1852 to 28 October 1854.[2]

Biography

Pavía was from Granada in Spain.[3] He was the son of Tomás Pavía y Miralles, a colonel, and Manuela Lacy y Bargugno.[4]

As a child, he joined the Spanish Army. He became a lieutenant of the guards of Queen Isabel II.[5] He spent much of his early military career participating in the First Carlist War (1833-1840), during which he sided with the liberals.[6]

Throughout the war, he actively participated in campaigns in the different parts of the country, including in Cervera de Pisuerga where he first fought the Carlists in 1833, Vascongadas, Navarra, Bilbao, Catalonia, and Levante.[7] He was noted for his extraordinary actions during the war.[8] This resulted in him being awarded with distinctions, including the Cross of San Fernando in 1835, and the title Marquis de Novaliches for his notable actions during the battle in Novaliches on 22 March 1840.[9] He was also promoted to the rank of general in July 1840, making him one of the youngest in the Spanish Army.[10]

After the war, he continued to serve in the military and the government in various capacities.[11] He became a senator on 15 August 1845, a position he held until his death.[12] He was appointed as Minister of War on 28 January 1847, but he resigned less than a month after taking office.[13]

He became the Governor-General of the archipelago, succeeding Ramón Montero. He served from 2 February 1852 until in 28 October 1854.[14] It was noted that he was not excessively enthusiastic about his appointment as Governor-General.[15] Nonetheless, he tried to ensure the efficiency of the colonial government.[16] It was during his term of office that the Jesuits were allowed to resume their activities in Spain and its colonies on 19 October 1852.[17]

He was relieved from his office through a royal decree of 2 August 1854 due to the political landscape of Spain at that time.[18] He was succeeded by Ramón Montero and went back to Spain on 28 October.[19] He continued his military career, in which he led the army fighting in Morocco from 1859 to 1860.[20] He also became active in his political life, particularly as a Senator.[21]

He died on 22 October 1896.[22]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy," accessed 22 January 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/8095/manuel-pavia-y-lacy
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 296.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  5. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  11. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  12. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  14. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  17. José Montero y Vidal, “Events in Filipinas, 1841-1872,” in The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, trans. Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson, vol. 52 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906), 208.
  18. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  19. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  20. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  21. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Pavía y Lacy."
  22. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.

External links

Citation

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