Manuel Crespo

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A portrait of Manuel Crespo y Cebrián, Governor-General of the Philippines (1854-1856) (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Bernardo Blanco y Pérez - Biblioteca Virtual del Patrimonio Bibliográfico)

Manuel Crespo y Cebrián (8 March 1793 – 6 April 1868)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 20 November 1854 to 5 December 1856.[2]

Biography

Crespo was from Extremadura, Spain.[3] He joined the Spanish Army in 1809.[4] He participated in both the Peninsular War/Spanish War of Independence (1807–1814) and the First Carlist War (1833–1840).[5] He also participated in military campaigns in South America in order to prevent rebel forces from securing their independence from Spain, during which he would face the forces of Simón Bolívar numerous times.[6]

He first went to the Philippines in 1842 when he was appointed segundo cabo and subinspector general.[7] However, his term of office was ended in 1846 after being accused of conspiracy.[8] He was eventually acquitted of the accusations against him.[9]

He was elected as deputy of the Spanish Cortes in 1848, representing the district of Requena.[10]

He became Governor-General from 20 November 1854, succeeding Ramón Montero. He served until 5 December 1856, after which he was succeeded by Ramón Montero.[11] He then returned to Spain, where he served as Senator for life from 1860 to 1868.[12] He spent long periods of time in Minglanilla, during which which his health condition worsened.[13]

He died on 6 August 1869.[14]

Throughout his military career, he participated in ninety-five war actions.[15] He was awarded with the following: Great Cross of the Royal and Military Order of St. Hermenegildo in 1841, and the Great Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic in 1842.[16]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián," accessed 25 January 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/5386/manuel-crespo-cebrian
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 296.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  7. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  11. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  12. Senado de España, "CRESPO Y CEBRIÁN, MANUEL," accessed 25 January 2021, https://www.senado.es/web/conocersenado/senadohistoria/senado18341923/senadores/fichasenador/index.html?id1=799
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  14. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Manuel Crespo Cebrián."

External links

Citation

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