Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio

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Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio
Archbishop Manuel Rojo.jpg

Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio, Archbishop of Manila, Philippines (1758-1764)
Born September 24, 1708
Tula, Mexico
Died January 30, 1764
Manila, Philipines

Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio (24 September 1708 – 30 January 1764) was the Archbishop of Manila from 1758 to 1764.[1] He was appointed as acting Governor-General of the Philippines in 1761 amidst the British Occupation of Manila, during which he surrendered the city to the British forces on 6 October 1762.[2]

Biography

Rojo was born on 24 September 1708.[3] He was a native of Nueva España (Mexico).[4] He served as Canon of Mexico before he was appointed as Archbishop of Manila.[5]

He was appointed as Archbishop of Manila on 19 December 1757.[6] He was ordained as a bishop on 24 August 1758, and was formally installed as archbishop on 22 June 1759.[7] With his installation as archbishop, he became the acting Governor-General of the Philippines in 1761, which had been vacant since the death of Governor-General Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban.[8]

During his term as acting governor-general, he led the defense of Manila against British forces who were attempting to occupy the archipelago.[9] When they were defeated, he surrendered the city to the British on 6 October 1762.[10] Because of this, he had disputes with Simon de Anda, who led the Spanish forces in resisting the British.[11]

He died on 30 January 1764, and was given a military burial by the British.[12]

Trivia

  • The Philippines had three different governor-general during the Seven Years War. Manuel Antonio Rojo was the official governor-general, while Lt. Gen. Dawson Drake was the governor-general during the British Occupation of Manila and Simón de Anda y Salazar the governor-general of the provisional government in Bacolor, Pampanga.

References

  1. Manila Cathedral, "The Archbishops of Manila (First – Present)," accessed 12 January 2021, http://manilacathedral.com.ph/archbishop-manila.aspx
  2. Presidential Museum and Library, "The British Conquest of Manila," accessed 12 January 2021, http://malacanang.gov.ph/the-british-conquest-of-manila/
  3. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra †," accessed 12 January 2021, http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/brdrv.html
  4. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra †."
  5. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra †."
  6. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra †."
  7. Catholic-Hierarchy, "Archbishop Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio Lafuente y Veiyra †."
  8. Presidential Museum and Library, "The British Conquest of Manila," accessed 12 January 2021, http://malacanang.gov.ph/the-british-conquest-of-manila/
  9. Presidential Museum and Library, "The British Conquest of Manila."
  10. Presidential Museum and Library, "The British Conquest of Manila."
  11. Manila Cathedral, "The Archbishops of Manila (First – Present)," accessed 12 January 2021, http://manilacathedral.com.ph/archbishop-manila.aspx
  12. Manila Cathedral, "The Archbishops of Manila (First – Present)."

External links

Citation

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