Malolos Congress

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The Malolos Congress, also known as the Revolutionary Congress and formally known as the National Assembly, was the legislative body of the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines. Members were chosen during the Malolos Congress elections held from June 23 to September 10, 1898. The assembly consisted of elected delegates chosen by balloting in provincial assemblies and appointed delegates chosen by the president to represent regions under unstable military and civilian conditions. The Revolutionary Congress was opened on September 15, 1898 at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan. President Emilio Aguinaldo presided over the opening session of the assembly.

Sessions

  • Regular session: September 15, 1898 – November 13, 1899
  • Special session: February 4, 1899

Leadership

  • President of the Revolutionary Congress
Pedro Paterno
  • Vice President/Deputy
Benito Legarda
  • Secretary
Gregorio S. Araneta and Pablo Ocampo

Members

Soldiers of the Philippine Revolutionary Army during a session of the congress.
Emilio Aguinaldo (seated, center) and ten of the delegates to the first Assembly of Representatives.
National Assembly Representatives (members) by province as of July 7, 1899.[1][2]
Province Elected Appointed
Manila Teodoro Gonzalez Leano
Fellix Ferrer
Arsenio Cruz Herrera
Mariano Limjap
Batangas Mariano Lopez
Gregorio Aguilera
Eduardo Guiterez
Ambrosio Flores
Bulacan Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista
Mariano Crisostomo
Pedro Serrano
Trinidad Iscasiano
Cavite Jose Basa
Hugo Ilagan
Jose Salamanca
Severino De Las Alas
Camarines Justo Lucban
Tomas Arejola
Valeriano Velarde
Mariano
Ilocos Sur Mariano Fos Mario Crisologo
Ignacio Villamor
Fransisco Tongson
Ilocos Norte Gregorio Aglipay
Martin Garcia
Pio Romero
Jose Luna
Primitivo Donato
Pedro Paterno
Laguna Higinio Benitez
Graciano Cordero
Manuel Sityar
Mauricio Ilagan
Pampanga Joaquin Gonzales
Jose Infante
Ramon Henson
Enrique Macapinlac
Pangasinan Vicente Del Prado Sebastian De Castro
Antonio Feliciano Adriano Garces
Iloilo Esteban de la Rama
Melecio Figueroa
Venancio Concepcion
Tiburcio Hilario
Cebu Ariston Bautista
Trinidad Pardo de Tavera
Felix David
Francisco Macabulos
Leyte Simplicio Del Rosario
Rafael Guerrero
Marciano Zamora-Concepcion
Lucio Navarro
Albay Salvador Del Rosario Aguedo Velarde
Marcial Calleja
Pantaleon Garcia
Honorato Agrava
Cagayan Vicente Guzman Pagulayan Pablo Tecson
Anastacio Fransisco
Bataan Jose Tuazon
Pedro Teopaco
Hermogenes Marco
Isabela Eustacio Del Rosario Raymundo Alindada
Abelardo Guzman
La Union Joaquin Luna Mateo Del Rosario
Miguel Paterno
Nueva Ecija Jose Santiago
Epifanio de los Santos
Gregorio Macapinlac
Tarlac Juan Nepomuceno
Victoriano Tanedo
Julian Carpio
Tayabas Sofio Alandy Basilo Teodoro
Jose Espinosa
Zambales Juan Manday Gabriel Felix Bautista
Alejandro Albert
Sorsogon Manuel Xerex Burgos
Pedro Lipana
Maximo Hizon
Negros Occidental Jose De La Vina
Antonio Montenegro
Juan Benson
Negros Oriental Pío del Pilar
Luciano San Miguel
Mariano Oirola
Samar Javier Gonzalez Salvador
Servillano Aquino
Juan Tongco
Capiz Miguel Zaragoza
Mariano Bacani
Juan Baltazar
Antique Ariston Gella
Vicente Lopez
Eusebio Natividad
Bohol Pedro Liongson
Tranquillano Aquino
Labio
Zamboanga Felipe Buencamino
Tomás Mascardo
Lazaro Tanedo
Misamis Teodoro Sandico
Apolonio Mercado
Gracio Gonzaga
Calamianes Narciso Hidalgo Resureccion
Norberto Cruz Herrera
S. Isidro
Masbate Alberto Barretto
Maximo Cabigting
Mindoro Antonio Constantino Perfecto Gabriel
Arturo Dancel
Morong Jose Oliveros
Marcelo Mesina
Lepanto Reymundo Jeciel
Antonio Rebello
Leon Apacible
Batanes Islands Daniel Tirona Vito Belarmino
Nueva Vizcaya Evaristo Panganiban Hipolito Magsalin
Abra Isidro Paredes
Juan Villamor
Padre Burgos (Benguet) Joaquin Baltazar Sixto Zandueta
Ceferino De Leon
Catanduanes Marcelino Santos
Jose Alejandrino
Paragua Felipe Calderon
Domingo Colmenar
Palaos Isidro Tiongco
Totals 68 68
136

In 2006, the president of the Bulacan Historical Society, engineer Marcial Aniag, asserted that among the 85 delegates who convened in Malolos, there were 43 lawyers, 17 doctors, five pharmacists, three educators, seven businessmen, four painters, three military men, a priest, and four farmers.[3] Five of the 85 delegates did not have a college degree.[3]

Ratification of the declaration of independence

One of the first acts of the Revolutionary Congress was the ratification on September 29, 1898 of the Philippine Declaration of Independence against Spain, which had been proclaimed on June 12, 1898.[4]

Malolos Constitution

Mabini had planned for the Revolutionary Congress to act only as an advisory body to the president and submitted a draft of the Constitutional Program of the Philippine Republic . while Paterno submitted a constitutional draft based on Spanish Constitution of 1869. The Congress, however, began work to draft a constitution. The resulting document, the Malolos Constitution, was promulgated on January 21, 1899.[5] Its proclamation resulted in the creation of the First Philippine Republic, which replaced the Revolutionary Government.

References

  1. Template:Harvnb (citing Volume II, Galley 2 of Major J. R. M. Taylor's translation and compilation of captured insurgent records Template:Harv)
  2. *War Department, Bureau of Insular Affairs (1907). "I. Telegraphic Correspondence of Emilio Aguinaldo, July 15, 1898 to February 28, 1899, Annotated", Compilation of Philippine Insurgent Records (archived from the original on October 3, 2008), Combined Arms Research Library. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Balabo, Dino. "Historians: Malolos Congress produced best RP Constitution", Philippine Star, December 10, 2006. 
  4. Template:Harvnb
  5. Template:Harvnb