To read this article in Filipino, see Kongreso ng Malolos.
The Malolos Congress, also known as the Revolutionary Congress and formally known as the National Assembly, was the legislative body of the Revolutionary Government of the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. Members were chosen during the Malolos Congress elections held from 23 June to 10 September 1898. The assembly consisted of elected delegates who were chosen by balloting in provincial assemblies, as well as appointed delegates chosen by President Emilio Aguinaldo to represent regions under unstable military and civilian conditions.
Regular session for the newly established Revolutionary Congress began on 15 September 1898 at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan. President Aguinaldo presided over the opening session of the assembly. The first significant act of the Congress was the ratification on 29 September of the independence proclaimed at Kawit on 12 June 1898.
- Regular session: 15 September 1898 – 13 November 1899
- Special session: 4 February 1899
- President of the Revolutionary Congress
- Vice President/Deputy
|Manila||Teodoro Gonzalez Leano|
|Arsenio Cruz Herrera|
|Bulacan||Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista|
|Severino De Las Alas|
|Ilocos Sur||Mariano Fos||Mario Crisologo|
|Ilocos Norte||Gregorio Aglipay|
|Pangasinan||Vicente Del Prado||Sebastian De Castro|
|Antonio Feliciano||Adriano Garces|
|Iloilo||Esteban de la Rama|
|Trinidad Pardo de Tavera|
|Leyte||Simplicio Del Rosario|
|Albay||Salvador Del Rosario||Aguedo Velarde|
|Cagayan||Vicente Guzman Pagulayan||Pablo Tecson|
|Isabela||Eustacio Del Rosario||Raymundo Alindada|
|La Union||Joaquin Luna||Mateo Del Rosario|
|Nueva Ecija||Jose Santiago|
|Epifanio de los Santos|
|Tayabas||Sofio Alandy||Basilo Teodoro|
|Zambales||Juan Manday Gabriel||Felix Bautista|
|Sorsogon||Manuel Xerex Burgos|
|Negros Occidental||Jose De La Vina|
|Negros Oriental||Pío del Pilar|
|Luciano San Miguel|
|Samar||Javier Gonzalez Salvador|
|Calamianes||Narciso Hidalgo Resureccion|
|Norberto Cruz Herrera|
|Mindoro||Antonio Constantino||Perfecto Gabriel|
|Batanes Islands||Daniel Tirona||Vito Belarmino|
|Nueva Vizcaya||Evaristo Panganiban||Hipolito Magsalin|
|Padre Burgos (Benguet)||Joaquin Baltazar||Sixto Zandueta|
|Ceferino De Leon|
In 2006, the president of the Bulacan Historical Society, engineer Marcial Aniag, asserted that among the 85 delegates who convened in Malolos, there were 43 lawyers, 17 doctors, five pharmacists, three educators, seven businessmen, four painters, three military men, a priest, and four farmers. Five of the 85 delegates did not have a college degree.
Ratification of the declaration of independence
One of the first acts of the Revolutionary Congress was the ratification on September 29, 1898 of the Philippine Declaration of Independence against Spain, which had been proclaimed on June 12, 1898.
Mabini had planned for the Revolutionary Congress to act only as an advisory body to the president and submitted a draft of the Constitutional Program of the Philippine Republic. A committee was created to draft the constitution, with Felipe G. Calderon as its most prominent member. Paterno, on the other hand, submitted a constitutional draft based on Spanish Constitution of 1869. The Congress, however, began work to draft a constitution that drew inspirations from the those of Mexico, Belgium, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Brazil, and France. The resulting document, the Malolos Constitution, was promulgated on 21 January 1899. Its proclamation resulted in the creation of the First Philippine Republic, which replaced the Revolutionary Government.
- Template:Harvnb (citing Volume II, Galley 2 of Major J. R. M. Taylor's translation and compilation of captured insurgent records Template:Harv)
- *War Department, Bureau of Insular Affairs (1907). "I. Telegraphic Correspondence of Emilio Aguinaldo, July 15, 1898 to February 28, 1899, Annotated", Compilation of Philippine Insurgent Records (archived from the original on October 3, 2008), Combined Arms Research Library.
- Balabo, Dino. "Historians: Malolos Congress produced best RP Constitution", Philippine Star, December 10, 2006.
- Kalaw, Maximo Manguiat (1927). The Development of Philippine Politics. Oriental commercial.