Malolos Cathedral (Immaculate Conception Parish Cathedral and Minor Basilica)
The Malolos Cathedral or Immaculate Conception Parish Cathedral and Minor Basilica is a church located in Malolos City, Bulacan. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos.
The church and the convent was first built using light materials in 1591 and later on was rebuilt with stronger materials. The present structure was constructed in 1819 by Fr. Melchor Fernandez, and was consecrated on October 14, 1826.
From September 10, 1898 until March 29, 1899, the convent of Malolos Cathedral served as the Palacio Presidencial de Aguinaldo or the seat of Emilio Aguinaldo, the President of the First Republic of the Philippines. On March 31, 1899, while General Aguinaldo and his men were fleeing from the Americans, Aguinaldo ordered it burned to the ground as part of his scorched earth policy.
When the Diocese of Malolos was erected in 1962, the church became its cathedral. Pope John Paul II declared the church a minor basilica on December 4, 1999.
The only landmark that remained which dates back to the Revolution was a huge century-old siar tree where Aguinaldo is said to have conducted many political discussions. The historical siar tree, now known as the Kalayaan Tree, was said to have been planted by Aguinaldo during a lull in Congress proceedings. Beneath the shade of the tree is a monument that depicts the meeting of Filipino revolutionaries represented by Generals Gregorio del Pilar and Isidoro Torres, the legislator Don Pablo Tecson, the nationalist priest Padre Mariano Sevilla, and the woman freedom fighter Doña Basilia Tantoco.
The church is of Neo-classical and Baroque architecture.
- Layug, Benjamin L. A Tourist Guide to Notable Philippine Churches. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 2007.
- Philippine Paradise. "Malolos Cathedral." Accessed on May 22, 2008. philippines--paradise.blogspot.com.