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Featured Article

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Before reaching Madrid to pursue his medical career in 1882, Jose Rizal had many stopovers. He visited the progressive English colony of Singapore, traversed the historic waterway of Suez Canal via the steamship Djemnah, reached the sprawling Italian city of Naples, disembarked at the French port city of Marseille, then took a train to the historic city of Barcelona. His Filipino schoolmates from the Ateneo Municipal threw a party as they welcomed his arrival. In Barcelona, Rizal wrote his first essay on a foreign soil—the “El Amor Patrio” (Love of Country)—which he sent to his friend, Basilio Teodora, an editorial staff member of the Diariong Tagalog. By the end of 1882, Rizal decided to leave Barcelona for Madrid.


Ask Mindy

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"Hi, Mindy! I really admire Jose Rizal. Apart from being a symbol and an epitome of Filipinos' strength and patriotism, I marvel at his hunger for knowledge and curiosity to do different things. He was into science, literature, politics, medicine, visual arts, and even sports—talk about being a polymath! But for you, what do you think is the most interesting field that Rizal was into? - David"


Ask-Mindy2.gif

Hi, David! That is a fascinating question. He did a lot of interesting things, including inventing a board game. But for me, we should also celebrate Rizal as the "Father of Filipino Komiks”. Among his sketches were “The Monkey and the Turtle” (Paris, 1885), “The Baptism of R. Pfeiffer at Holy Cross Steinach” (Wilhelmsfeld, 1886), and “The Cure of the Bewitched” (Dapitan, 1895). His works showed the lighter side of Rizal—that he was not just a martyr or a reformist—but also a “komikero” or comedian. Check out the trilingual interactive e-book of one of his works, Ang Pagong at ang Matsing, which was released by Vibal Group. It showed that Rizal’s reach was wide even now in the Digital Age. -Mindy

Featured Portal

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During the 19th century, Asia, Europe and in America lived in turmoil caused by events in history. Filipinos who were under the control of the Spanish colonialists suffered from corruption, failure of human rights, racial discrimination, forced labor, and power drifting of the friars and the guardia civil. On June 19, 1861, Wednesday night, the seventh child and second son of Doña Teodora and Francisco Mercado, Jose Rizal was born in the town of Calamba, Laguna. During delivery, Doña Teodora almost died because of Jose's big head.

Pinoy Flashback

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  • June 21, 1574 – King Felipe II of Spain bestowed the titles of “Nuevo Reino de Castilla” (New Kingdom of Castilla) and “Insigne y siempre leal Ciudad” on Luzon and Manila, respectively. He also permitted the establishment of a new municipal office.
  • June 21, 1899 – During the early phase of the Filipino-American War, Pedro Paterno and Felipe Buencamino presented to the Americans their “peace” proposals.
  • June 21, 1900 – General Arthur MacArthur, the military ruler of the Philippines, issued an “amnesty” degree to the native defenders and called the rightful war staged by Filipinos as “insurrection” against the US.


To learn more about Philippine history and literature, visit Filipiniana.net

Pinoy of the Day

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Luis Taruc (21 June 1913-4 May 2005) was a Filipino leader of the Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon (The People's Army Against the Japanese) from 1942 to 1954. He was born to peasant parents from San Luis, Pampanga. He went to the University of Manila from 1932 to 1934 but did not finish a degree and instead he returned to his hometown to set up a haberdashery. He was influenced by Pedro Abad Santos and Juan Feleo, two leaders of the budding communist movement at that time. In 1935, Taruc, by then drawn to Marxsim, became a member of the Communist Party of the Philippines. On 29 March 1942 Taruc, together with Castro Alejandrino, Bernardo Poblete, and Felepa Culala, founded the Hukbalahap, of which became commander-in-chief. Later, Taruc led approximately 30,000 guerillas in revolt against the Japanese.


Special Portals

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Battles, Revolts, and Uprisings
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Philippine Feasts
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Philippine Fashion and Style
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Philippine Education
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Philippine Myths and Legends
Komiks The Philippine Komikopedia.svg Komiks
The Philippine Komiklopedia
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Original Pilipino Music
Ph online-travel-guide.svg Travel Guide
Online Guide to the Philippines
Barangay-06.svg Barangay
Philippine Barangay Database
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Unique Filipino Food
Ph Cinemapedia.svg Pelikula
The Philippine Cinemapedia
Encyclopedia-Filipina.svg Women's Portal
Encyclopedia Filipina
Philippine Childrens litreture.svg Chikiting
Philippine Children's Literature
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Traditional Philippine Games
Ph joserizal-encyclo.svg Rizaliana
Encyclopedia on Jose Rizal
Ph-memorabilia.svg Nostalgia
Philippine Memorabilia
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Philippine Ethnic Groups
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Filipiniana Books Collection
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Philippine TV Series Guide
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Philippine Flora and Fauna