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St. Pedro Calungsod (c. 1654 – April 2,1672) is a Filipino Roman Catholic martyr. He was a lay assistant to the Spanish Jesuit missionary Diego Luis de San Vitores. Both of them were killed by two Chamorro natives while propagating the Christian faith in the Marianas Islands (now Guam). On March 5, 2000, Calungsod became the second Filipino to be beatified by Pope John Paul II, the first being St. Lorenzo Ruiz in 1981. He was canonized on October 21, 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI, making him the second Filipino Roman Catholic saint.


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Nazaria Lagos (b. August 28, 1851 – d. January 27, 1945), known as the “Florence Nightingale of Panay,” was the pioneer Red Cross leader in the Visayas region. A native of Dueñas, Iloilo, she had done numerous humanitarian activities including the nursing of the revolutionaries, thus, became the Revolution's first nurse and later, director of the hospital of the Revolutionary army. She was also the maker of the first Philippine flag in Iloilo.


Pinoy of the Day

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Pacita Abad (October 5, 1946 – December 7, 2004) was born in Basco, Batanes, a small island in the northernmost part of the Philippines, between Luzon and Taiwan. Her more than 32-year painting career began when she traveled to the United States to undertake graduate studies. She had over 40 solo exhibitions at museums and galleries in the U.S., Asia, Europe, Africa and Latin America. She also participated in more than 50 group and traveling exhibitions throughout the world. Abad’s work is now in public, corporate, and private art collections in over 70 countries.


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"Why is the Manila Dolomite Beach controversial?"


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The Manila Dolomite Beach has courted controversy for a number of reasons. The artificial beach, which will stretch 900 meters on the Manila Bay coast when completed, was met with criticism when it first opened to the public in September 2020 due to its timing. Although the “beach nourishment” project, which is part of the Manila Bay rehabilitation program of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), was approved before the COVID-19 pandemic hit, concerned citizens and some lawmakers questioned the need for such an expenditure of taxpayer money during a public health crisis. The first phase of the project cost 389 million pesos, while another 265 million pesos was poured into it in 2021.

Another issue raised is the project’s environmental impacts. For one, the crushed dolomite poured onto the beach is sourced from a mine in Cebu. Furthermore, international experts have said that dolomite is used in road construction, not in beach nourishment, which usually involves quartz and feldspar. Using alternatives to native sand that do not closely match its quality could be detrimental to the environment where they are used, they said. And this is what worried scientists at the Institute of Biology of the University of the Philippines Diliman. In a statement, the experts said that the use of dolomite did not conform to the phases of rehabilitation intended by the DENR and, instead, it was "even more detrimental to the existing biodiversity as well as the communities in the area," particularly the water birds. “The dumping of dolomite in Manila Bay has effectively covered part of the intertidal area used by the birds thereby reducing their habitat," they said. They recommended the rehabilitation of mangroves in the area, which is “an example of a nature-based solution that is cheaper and more cost-effective than the dolomite dumping project.”

Disaster risk is another concern caused by the project. Ocean conservation organization Oceana has said that beach reclamation, of which the Dolomite Beach is an example, can exacerbate natural hazards such as flooding, storm surges, land subsidence, and liquefaction, as studies have shown.

Pinoy Flashback

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  • October 7, 1628 – Juan Velasquez Madrco presented economic arguments to supress Chinese silk trade in the Philippines and other colonies of Spain. He cited how China refuses to exchange silk with other merchandise, trading it only for cash silver money, and also how silk cannot be invested in merchandise and is not subject to customs duties because it does not come to Spain.
  • October 7, 1846 – Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua issued the Anti-Vagrancy Law which allows provincial authorities in the Philippines to round up and question the idlers and to employ them in public works for one month before sending them back to their hometowns.
  • October 7, 1986 – A provision in the Constitution allowing President Corazon Aquino and Vice President Salvador Laurel to serve a 6- year term until June 1992 was approved by the Constitutional Commission.


To learn more about Philippine history and literature, visit Filipiniana.net

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