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Panuluyan or panunuluyan (Tagalog for "asking for lodgings") is a Philippine Christmas dramatic ritual narrating the Holy Family's search for a place to stay in Bethlehem for Jesus Christ's birth through song. It is in the form of a procession and held on Christmas Eve. The custom originated from Mexico's nine-day Christmas ritual posadas.


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The black shama (Copsychus cebuensis), locally known as siloy, is a species of bird that can only be found in the Philippines. Endemic to the island of Cebu, it thrives in forests and dense thickets close to the ground.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature qualifies the black shama as critically endangered on account of its declining small range and population in the wild. Conservation measures for the species have been proposed.


Pinoy of the Day

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Gregorio del Pilar (14 November 1875 - 2 December 1899) was the youngest general and one of the most skillful field commanders in the Philippine Revolutionary Forces during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War.


Ask Mindy

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"What are confidential and intelligence funds? In which government operations can they be used?"


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According to a government circular, confidential and intelligence funds are lump sum allocations from the national budget for use in surveillance and intelligence, particularly in the interest of national security. Confidential funds are used by civilian government agencies, while intelligence funds are used by the military and intelligence practitioners.

Due to the nature of the disbursement of these funds, auditing them can be tricky; the Commission on Audit (COA) can only hope that the documents submitted to them by the government officials who avail of these funds are accurate.

And this is why some, including opposition lawmakers, have sounded the alarm on the confidential funds being requested by President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and Vice President Sara Duterte which will be taken from the proposed 2023 national budget. Marcos is asking for P4.5 billion, the same amount that his predecessor, Rodrigo Duterte, sought during the last year of his presidency. Sara Duterte, meanwhile, is asking for P500 million in confidential funds. By comparison, her predecessor, Leni Robredo, did not ask for any confidential funds during her entire term as vice president. According to Rep. Edcel Lagman of Albay, Vice President Duterte is in no position to ask for such funds because the Office of the Vice President “is not a surveillance agency and has no jurisdiction over matters of national security.” Opposition lawmakers, including Senator Risa Hontiveros, are looking to realign these sums and subject them to auditing.


Pinoy Flashback

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  • December 2, 1863Andres Bonifacio was baptized at the Tondo Catholic Church.
  • December 2, 1899 – The Battle of Tirad Pass took place on Mount Tirad, near Cervantes, Ilocos Sur. Americans had reached the trail near where Gregorio and his men had halted. Del Pilar's team was able to fire and caused some American casualties. To prevent more casualties on their side, the Americans used their sharpshooters and fired at the Filipinos. A Filipino traitor, Januario Galut, showed another group of Americans a trail from which they could emerge to the rear of the Filipinos. The battle lasted five hours and left 52 dead Filipino soldiers, among them the brave Gregorio. The Americans may have won the battle but the Filipinos held them long enough for Aguinaldo to escape them.


To learn more about Philippine history and literature, visit Filipiniana.net

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