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Held every July, the National Disaster Consciousness Month (NDCM) is a month-long observance that aims to increase public awareness to the threats of disaster and for a better appreciation of the government’s disaster preparedness program. Faced by the growing concerns about uncaused events such as typhoon, flood, earthquake, tornado, landslide, volcanic eruption, tsunamis and drought, the government, through the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) recognized the value of setting aside a designated period for people to focus their attention on the need to prepare for natural disasters. On 10 August 1999, President Joseph Estrada issued Executive Order No. 137 declaring July as National Disaster Consciousness Month to institutionalize the civil defense program.

Ask Mindy


"Hi, Mindy! I have read the news that the rainy season has already begun. I remember the times when during typhoons, my siblings and I were glued in front of the TV to wait for updates on whether we would have classes or not. I have always been curious as to how typhoons in the Philippines are named. Where do these names come from? Thanks! - Lee"


Hi, Lee! About 20 typhoons hit the country every year. Since 1963, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has been giving local names to storms that enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR). They initially adopted four sets of female Filipino nicknames ending in "ng" from A to Y. In 1998, however, PAGASA opened a contest to the public to send their proposed local names for typhoons. The committee chose 140 names from the nominations. These now make up PAGASA’s list of names for tropical cyclones. The list was divided into four sets of 25 names, listed from A-Z with additional 10 auxiliary names from A-J. The list of names is a mix of male and female names as well as gender-neutral names like Kabayan, Quinta, and Zigzag. The set of typhoon names undergo rotation every four years. In order to determine the number of typhoons that have entered PAR every year, PAGASA assigns each typhoon name in alphabetical order. Once all the 25 names are used, PAGASA will use the auxiliary set of names. Names are retired when the typhoon that carried it caused severe or costly damage and loss of life. These are replaced with another name for the next rotation for the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and for PAGASA with a name sharing the same first letter as the retired name.-Mindy

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Balangay (also spelled as "balanghay" or "barangay") is a quick and light vessel propelled by rowers or paddlers and by sail. They resemble the lashed-lug boats found among Austronesian peoples, whose boats were built by joining planks edge-to-edge using pins, dowels, and fiber lashings. Balangay are found throughout the Philippines and were used largely as trading ships up until the colonial era. The oldest known balangay are the "Butuan Boats," which have been carbon-dated to 320 AD and were recovered from several sites in Butuan, Agusan del Norte.

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Pinoy Flashback


  • July 25, 1915 – Enrique Fernando was born in Malate, Manila. He was the 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. A noted constitutionalist and law professor, he served in the Supreme Court for 18 years, including 6 years as Chief Justice.

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Pinoy of the Day


Santiago Alvarez (b. July 25, 1872 - d. October 30, 1930) was a revolutionary general and a founder and honorary president of the first directorate of the Nacionalista Party. Also known as Kidlat ng Apoy because of his inflamed bravery and dedication as commander of Cavite's famous battles (particularly that in Dalahican), he was rejoiced in the present-day Cavite City as the Hero of the Battle of Dalahican.

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