Madaling Araw by Iñigo Ed. Regalado, published in 1909, is a novel of various issues and themes both personal and social. It explores the complex of romantic relations as it expounds on the social inequality during the American Occupation. Regalado wrote the novel when he was only eighteen years old.
The novel traverses the relationships of five characters. Mauro and Daniel are in love but find impediments to their hearts' desires. The parents of Luisa do not like Mauro for her while Nieves, Daniel's beloved, is from a rich family. Aside from those, a man named Pendoy vies for the two women's hearts and will do anything to destroy the lovers. He tries to taint the images of the two women in the eyes of Mauro and Daniel, who entertain the lies for some time.
Throughout the romantic melee, the novel addresses the social and economic plight of society through its depiction of how the poor are exploited by Kapitan Leon, Mauro's uncle, and by rich capitalists. One impoverished character, Juan Galit, articulates this theme through a warning: violence is necessary in the struggle to restore justice and equality in society.
Many novels written during the early decades of the American Occupation, just like Madaling Araw, used vivid descriptions of the scenery and lifestyle of Tagalog towns. Amid these, however, are the harrowing images of social woes such as that of harsh labor conditions, and discussions on how society may be changed and rebuilt. In Madaling Araw for example, a member of the Anti-Imperialist League speaks of his affiliation's principles and its adamant stand against the Philippines-United States annexation.
- Madaling Araw at Filipiniana.Net (Accessed April 30, 2008)
- Regalado, Iñigo Ed. . Madaling Araw. Manila, Philippines: Aklatang J. Martinez, 1909.