Luis Lardizabal

From Wikipilipinas
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Luis Lardizábal (died February 1841)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 29 December 1838 to 14 February 1841.[2]

Biography

Lardizábal became Governor-General after his predecessor Andrés García Camba resigned and left his position on 29 December 1838.[3]

He commissioned Francisco Otín y Duazo, a magistrate of the Real Audiencia, to draw up a new "Ordinances of Good Government" in 1838.[4] He reorganized the postal service, during which beginning in 1838, the service was conducted under one bureau which uses modern lines.[5] He improved the means of communication between provinces, and made attempts to resettle other tribes.[6] Upon the advice of the alcalde mayor of Cagayan, he created the politico-military province of Nueva Vizcaya on 24 May 1839.[7] It was approved through a royal decree on 10 April 1841.[8] He proposed the construction of a monument in Mactan, Cebu to commemorate Ferdinand Magellan's arrival in the island.[9]

He reaffirmed the 1828 order of Governor-General Mariano Ricafort Palacín which prohibited foreigners from selling goods at retail and going to the provinces to trade. Changes were also made in the finances of the government, which include the following: the creation of a single bureau which will combine all revenues acquired from government monopolies; the creation of a bureau which is tasked to administer the tributes and other revenues; the introduction of the system of bookkeeping by double entry in general offices of supervision; and the issuance of instructions for more careful and accurate accounting on municipal and local imposts.[10]

He regulated the status of the Chinese in the archipelago through a decree dated 31 August.[11] The Chinese were classified into the following: transients; those spending the winter in the archipelago; and permanent residents.[12] They were allowed to choose their desired occupation.[13] Those who will be arrested without official permit or cedula will be forced to labor in public works, while those who were imprisoned for their failure to pay capitation-tax will be deported to Zamboanga, Misamis, Paragua (present-day Palawan), and Calamianes (present-day Calamian Islands).[14]

During his term as Governor-General, Fray Manuel Blanco, OSA published the Flora de Filipinas in 1837.[15] This work was made as an attempt to create a compendium of Philippine botany.[16] It was also during his term that the Precios Corrientes de Manila, the first bilingual (English and Spanish) weekly newspaper in the archipelago, released its first issue on 6 July 1839.[17] A consulting committee for the administration of affairs in the archipelago was established through a royal decree of 24 October 1838, whose members include former Governors-General Ricafort Palacín and Enrile.[18]

He then asked permission from the royal government to return to Spain. His request was granted, and he departed in February 1841.[19] However, he died a few days later after leaving Manila.[20] He was buried on an islet near Java in present-day Indonesia.[21] He was succeeded by Marcelino de Oraá Lacumberri as Governor-General.

References

  1. José Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," in The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, trans. Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson, vol. 51 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906), 72.
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 296.
  3. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  4. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  5. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  6. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  7. Province of Nueva Vizcaya, "Historical Background," accessed 2 February 2021, https://nuevavizcaya.gov.ph/historical-background/
  8. Province of Nueva Vizcaya, "Historical Background."
  9. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  10. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 71-2.
  11. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 70.
  12. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 70.
  13. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 70.
  14. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 70.
  15. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  16. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69.
  17. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  18. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 69-70.
  19. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 72.
  20. Quirino, Old Manila, 296.
  21. Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," 72.

Citation

Wiki.png

Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.