Lakas-CMD

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Lakas–CMD (Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats) is a centre-right political party in the Philippines whose values are influenced by elements of Christian democracy and Islamic democracy. The party originated in 2009 with the fusion of the original Lakas–CMD party founded by President Fidel V. Ramos and former House Speaker Jose de Venecia with the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) of President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. From 2009 to 2012, it was known as Lakas–Kampi–CMD. Arroyo was the president of the Philippines when the two old parties merged in 2009.

Ideology

Lakas–CMD's focus is on economic growth and development, stronger ties with the United States, job creation, and more robust cooperation between the executive and legislative branches of government. It has advocated a shift from the present presidential system to a parliamentary form of government through constitutional amendments and the establishment of peace talks with Muslim separatists and communist rebels. It distinguishes itself with its ecumenical inclusion of Muslim leaders in its leadership.[1] The party has tended to be more popular in the Mindanao provinces.

History

Arroyo administration

On January 16, 2008, Lakas spokesman and legal counsel Raul Lambino announced that Lakas–CMD officially was building its list of senatorial bets for the 2010 elections. Except for Parañaque Representative Eduardo Zialcita, their names were withheld. But Lambino named incumbent Senators Ramon Revilla, Jr. and Lito Lapid, former senator Ralph Recto and former Congressman Prospero Pichay as among those considered.[2]

Former Speaker of the House Jose de Venecia, Jr. (Pangasinan −4th District) vacated his post as president of Lakas–CMD on March 10, 2008; he opposed the proposition of former president Fidel Ramos that he be accorded the title chairman emeritus. Speaker of the House Prospero Nograles (Davao −1st District) was sworn in as the new president of Lakas–CMD party and former Speaker of the House Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. as vice president for Metro Manila affairs on the same day.

On 18 June 2008, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo confirmed the merger of the Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas–CMD) and the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) parties. The parties adopted the "equity of the incumbent" principle, with the merger accounting for almost 200 national and 8,000 local officials, amid Mrs. Arroyo's prediction of 2010 elections victory. Lakas-CMD President Nograles and and Kampi Chair Ronaldo Puno signed the covenant at the Davao City regional caucus.[3][4] Former President and Lakas–CMD Chairman Emeritus Fidel V. Ramos announced on February 6, 2008, that Lakas–CMD would be the surviving entity after its merger with KAMPI.[5]

On August 9, 2009, Former House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr. and Former President Fidel V. Ramos led fifty members from the Lakas Kampi CMD in objecting to its merger with Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) on May 28, 2009. The faction made de Venecia its president with Ramos as the Chairman Emeritus of the new party, Ramos refused the offer of Chairman Emeritus of Lakas-Kampi after being named in the interim party organization. De Venecia has filed a resolution at the Commission on Elections to declare null and void the merger.[6] However, the Supreme Court ultimately upheld the legality of the merger,[7] citing the failure of de Venecia "to sufficiently show that any grave abuse of discretion was committed by the Commission on Elections in rendering the challenged resolution."[8]

Defense Secretary Gilberto Teodoro ran as the party's nominee in the 2010 presidential election, losing to Liberal Party's Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III. The party had two of its incumbent senators win in the Senate election and became a part of the Liberal Party–led majority coalition. In the House of Representatives election, it won 47% of the seats contested. However, its members were split into three factions, with many joining the Liberal Party, some forming the National Unity Party, and the remaining members divided between the majority and minority blocs, with its members heading the minority. On May 11, 2012, the party reverted to its original name and removed Arroyo's KAMPI from the coalition.[9] It joined other parties in the opposition after the 2010 elections.

In 2013, Sen. Bong Revilla assumed the chairmanship of Lakas. He was set to be the standard bearer of the party in the 2016 presidential election; however, his detention at the PNP custodial center at Camp Crame due to his alleged involvement in the pork barrel scam precluded his participation in the presidential race.[10][11]

Aquino III administration

After Benigno Aquino III was sworn in as President of the Philippines on June 30, 2010, the majority of the former legislative members of Lakas-Kampi joined the rejuvenated Liberal Party of Aquino. In 2011, legislators led by Pablo P. Garcia established the neutral National Unity Party, which has many similarities with the Nationalist People's Coalition. In 2013, the party suffered its largest decline following the arrest of the party's matriarch, Gloria Arroyo; however the party largely supports the United Nationalist Alliance, with candidates from among its former members such as Migz Zubiri, Richard Gordon and Mitos Magsaysay.

Duterte administration

In the 2016 Philippine presidential election, Lakas supported the candidacies of Rodrigo Duterte for president and Bongbong Marcos for vice president. Duterte won but Marcos lost to Liberal Party candidate Leni Robredo. In July 2017, Revilla joined Duterte's party PDP–Laban, and in October of the same year, Macapagal-Arroyo and her allies followed suit.

In September 2018, House Minority Leader and Quezon Rep. Danilo Suarez announced that Lakas–CMD was rebuilding and "will soon regain the political dominance it lost after Arroyo stepped down as president in 2010."[12]

In the 2019 election, Lakas returned to the Senate with the election of Bong Revilla. The party also won a dozen seats in the House of Representatives, while hundreds of members won in local races.

Lakas-CMD had been led by Bong Revilla and Gloria Macapagal Arroyo until Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte-Carpio, President Rodrigo Duterte's daughter, became the party chairman in 2021.

Current party officials

List of Party Chairmen

  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2008–2009)
  • Gilberto Teodoro (2009–2010)
  • Amelita Villarosa (2010)
  • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (2010–2011)
  • Edcel Lagman (2011–2012)
  • Bong Revilla, Jr. (2012–Present)

Candidates for the Philippine general election, 2010

Senatorial Slate (6)

Candidates for the Philippine general election, 2016

Senatorial Slate

Candidates for the Philippine general election, 2019

Senatorial Slate

Current members, 18th Congress

House of Representatives

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District Representatives

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  • Majority leader Martin Romualdez (Leyte, D1)
  • Deputy Speaker Prospero Pichay, Jr. (Surigao del Sur, D2)
  • Juan Miguel Arroyo (Pampanga, D2)
  • Christopher de Venecia (Pangasinan, D4)
  • Ramon Guico III (Pangasinan, D5)
  • Atleta Suarez (Quezon, D3)
  • Vincent Frasco (Cebu, D5)
  • Paz Radaza (Lapu lapu City, LD)
  • Marilou Arroyo (Negros Occidental, D5)

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  • Christian Unabia (Misamis Oriental D1)
  • Fredenil Castro (Capiz, D2)
  • J.F. Felipe Nograles (Rizal, D2)
  • Hector Sanchez (Catanduanes LD)
  • Roger Mercado (Southern Leyte, D2)
  • Gerardo Espina, Jr. (Biliran LD)
  • Geraldine Roman (Bataan, D1)
  • Leonardo Babasa, Jr. (Zamboanga del Sur D2)
  • Wilter Palma II (Zamboanga Sibugay D2)

Partylist Allieds

Citation

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References