A Kingdom Hall is a meeting place for Jehovah's Witnesses. The term was first suggested in 1935 by Joseph Franklin Rutherford, then president of the Watch Tower Society, for a building. Jehovah's Witnesses use Kingdom Halls for the majority of their worship and Bible instruction.
Typically three days a week (or more, depending upon how many congregations use the same building), local groups will meet in their Kingdom Halls. Meetings usually open and close with song and prayer. Gatherings held in the Kingdom Hall include Bible readings, public talks on matters such as the Bible, family life, Christian qualities and prophecy, as well as discussion of specially-prepared study articles in The Watchtower magazine and other publications of Jehovah's Witnesses. Furthermore, Witnesses meet in Kingdom Halls for preparation and prayer before engaging in their door-to-door ministry. While such uses are part of their acts for their love of Jehovah, Kingdom Halls are built primarily with an educational purpose in mind and this is the primary factor in their architecture and construction.
Maintenance and construction
The Kingdom Hall is largely maintained by the members of the congregations that use it. Construction, larger repair, and maintenance projects are coordinated by the Regional Building Committee (RBC). Some Kingdom Halls have been built in as little as two days and then used immediately on the third day, although typically the preparation work involving the structural foundation and surrounding surface may take several weeks prior to the scheduled build. The construction crews of these Kingdom Halls and Assembly Halls consist of volunteer fellow Jehovah's Witnesses, sometimes from other countries than where the building under construction resides, who have been pre-approved for work on the buildings, grounds and sites.
The cost of maintenance is covered by unsolicited donations made by those attending the meetings and other donations sent to the world wide headquarters of Jehovah's Witnesses. Witnesses in industrial countries also contribute towards the construction of meeting places for fellow believers in less prosperous parts of the world.
Modern Kingdom Halls are sometimes built without windows for security reasons and to save money.
Location and presentation
Kingdom Halls vary in size and design. They are usually modest, functional structures with practicality in mind. As Witnesses do not use religious symbols, such are not displayed on or in Kingdom Halls.