Juan de Lara e Irigoyen

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A lithograph of Juan de Lara e Irigoyen, Governor-General of the Philippines from 1865 to 1866. (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Bernardo Blanco/Biblioteca Nacional de España)

Juan de Lara e Irigoyen (16 May 1809 – 4 October 1869)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 25 April 1865 to 13 July 1866.[2]

Biography

Lara e Irigoyen was born in Vigo (Pontevedra), Spain.[3] He entered into the Royal Infantry Guard in 1825, and was assigned in the Tagus Observation Army where he obtained the rank of captain in 1829.[4] He participated in military campaigns during the First Carlist War (1833 – 1840), siding with the Liberals.[5] He participated in battles such as the Battle of Luchana in 1836. As a result of his valor, he was promoted and awarded with decorations numerous times.[6]

After the war, he continued to participate in campaigns to quell uprisings within the country.[7] He also served in various military and political positions.[8] He became military governor of Cadiz until May 1844, and was elected as deputy for Cadiz in 1844 and for the Canary Islands in 1846.[9] He then became captain general of Navarra and the Basque Provinces, during which he was appointed as lieutenant general and senator of life.[10] He became minister of war in 1852 and 1853, during which he carried out major reforms in the military.[11] He served in other military positions before being appointed as Governor-General of the Philippines in December 1864.[12]

As Governor-General

He arrived in the Philippines in April 1865.[13] He began his term in 25 April, succeeding Rafael de Echagüe.[14] Before his appointment, Joaquin del Solar e Ibáñez served as acting governor-general.[15]

During his term, he introduced major reforms in the colonial government.[16] He established a General Council of Agriculture, Industry, and Trade whose aim is to develop the archipelago.[17] He also developed an urban project for Manila and its surrounding districts.[18] He proposed the demolition of houses made of cane and nipa and its replacement with houses made with brick and stone, and the construction of wide streets and avenues.[19] He ordered the construction of the Old Bilibid Prison (now the Manila City Jail), a prison with a capacity of seven thousand.[20] Like his predecessors, he organized a military expedition in the Sultanate of Sulu, particularly in Tawi-Tawi.[21] This was done in order to free the natives who were held captive by the Moros.[22]

It was during his term that the Diocese of Jaro was established, by virtue of the papal bull of Pope Pius IX in 1865.[23] It was also during his term that Antonio Cánovas del Castillo was appointed as minister of the colonies in July 1865.[24]

He eventually ended his term on 13 July 1866.[25] José Laureano de Sanz assumed the position of acting governor-general.

After his term

He returned to Spain in the same year, where he was appointed as head of the General Captaincy of Valencia.[26] He occupied the position until he resigned in June 1867.[27] He died on 4 October 1869.[28]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen," accessed 18 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/80778/juan-de-lara-e-irigoyen
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 297.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  11. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  12. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  14. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  17. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  18. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  19. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  20. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  21. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  22. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  23. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  24. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  25. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  26. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  27. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."
  28. Real Academia de la Historia, "Juan de Lara e Irigoyen."

Citation

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