Juan Cramer

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Juan Crámer or Joaquín de Crame[1] was the acting Governor-General of the Philippines from 23 April 1835 to 9 September 1835.[2]

Biography

Crámer was a Catalonian.[3] He served as acting Governor-General after the death of Governor-General Gabriel de Torres on 23 April 1835.[4]

He was eventually replaced by Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo as acting Governor-General on 9 September 1835.[5]

He is the grandfather of Rafael Crame (1863 – 1927), the first Filipino chief of the Philippine Constabulary, serving from 17 December 1917 to 1 January 1927.[6] The Philippine Constabulary is the predecessor of the present-day Philippine National Police.

References

  1. Blue Book of the Inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the Induction Into Office of Manuel L. Quezon, First President of the Philippines, and Sergio Osmeña, First Vice President of the Philippines (Manila: Bureau of Printing, 1935), 228, https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=gOrxAm7T-PgC&dq=Joaqu%C3%ADn+Rafael+de+Crame&source=gbs_navlinks_s
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 295.
  3. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  4. Quirino, Old Manila, 295.
  5. José Montero y Vidal, "Events in Filipinas, 1801-1840," in The Philippine Islands 1493-1898, trans. Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson, vol. 51 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1906), 60.
  6. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, "History: The Department of National Defense," accessed 2 February 2021, https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/history-the-department-of-national-defense/

Citation

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