Jose Lemery e Ibarrola Ney

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A portrait of José Lémery e Ibarrola Ney, Governor-General of the Philippines from 1861 to 1862. (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Bernardo Blanco y Pérez/Biblioteca Digital Hispánica)

José Lémery e Ibarrola Ney y González (2 December 1811 – 11 April 1886)[1] was the Governor-General of the Philippines from 2 February 1861 to 7 July 1862.[2]

Biography

Lémery was born on 2 December 1811.[3] He was from an aristocratic family with close ties to the Royal House.[4] His father, Nicolás Lémery y Ney, was a lieutenant of the Royal Guard; while his maternal grandfather, Miguel Ibarrola, was the treasurer general of King Ferdinand VII.[5]

He was appointed as an officer of the Ministry of War in 1829 until he was assigned in the Army.[6] He was then appointed as field assistant of the general commander of the Observation Army in Portugal.[7] During his assignment in Portugal, he participated in campaigns during the Liberal Wars (1828 – 1834) to support the reign of Queen Maria II, whose reign was challenged by his uncle Miguel de Braganza who declared himself king.[8] Afterwards, he went back to Spain, where he actively participated in campaigns to support the Liberal cause during the First Carlist War (1833 – 1840).[9] Such campaigns include the Battle of Luchana and the Siege of Bilbao.[10] For his active participation, he was promoted numerous times and was given in 1835 the Cross of the Order of San Fernando, 1st Class.[11]

After the war, he was assigned in Cuba from 1850 to 1852, where he served as sub-inspector of cavalry.[12] He then returned to Spain, he was appointed in various military positions in the Balearic Islands and the Basque provinces.[13] He was then appointed as governor of Puerto Rico, where he instituted several improvements in the lives of its inhabitants.[14] He returned to Spain again, where he was promoted as lieutenant general in 1857 and occupied various military positions until in 1860, when he was appointed as Governor-General of the Philippines.[15]

As Governor-General

He began his term as Governor-General on 2 February 1861. He succeeded Ramón María Solano.[16] Prior to his appointment, Juan Herrera Dávila served as acting Governor-General.[17]

During his term, he established politico-military governments in Visayas and Mindanao, as well as a board of directors.[18] He ordered the minting of new currencies in the archipelago.[19] He launched a military campaign to conquer the Rio Grande de Mindanao and attack Sulu.[20] Although he personally opposed it, he pursued friendlier relations with the French by aiding them in their campaign in Cochinchina (present-day Vietnam).[21]

His term ended on 7 July 1862, with Salvador Valdés assuming the position of acting Governor-General.

After his term

He then returned to Spain, where he was occupied various military and political positions.[22] He also became senator of the Balearic Islands in 1877 and from 1881 to 1882; and a senator for life from 1858 to 1860 and from 1883 to 1884.[23]

He died on 11 April 1886.[24]

Throughout his military and political career, he received numerous decorations. Such are the following: Royal Grand Cross of the Order of San Fernando, 1st Class; Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic; and the Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III.[25]

Trivia

The town of Lemery in the province of Batangas is named after Governor-General Lémery.[26]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola," accessed 17 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/39248/jose-lemery-e-ibarrola
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 297.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  11. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  12. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  14. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  17. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  18. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  19. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  20. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  21. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  22. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  23. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  24. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  25. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Lémery e Ibarrola."
  26. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.

External links

Citation

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