Jose Hernandez Gavira

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Jose Hernandez Gavira (1897-1960) was a lawyer, journalist, poet, and military man.


Gavira was born in Dingle, Iloilo on 20 October 1897. He studied in Colegio de San Agustin where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in the arts. He earned a degree in law from the Escuela de Derecho in Manila and later joined the army. He was a member of the defunct Guardia Nacional "National Guards", which would later contribute to the Allied troops against Germany during World War I. Gavira also became an official in the Philippine Division of the U.S. Army.

He later founded El Adalid and worked for the bilingual magazine, Philippine National Weekly. Gavira was a recipient of several literary awards in verse and prose and was known for his satirical wit. In 1960 he was employed by the Rizal Centennial Commission where he collapsed in his office on 14 June 1960. He was rushed to the Manila Doctors Hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival. The great Hispanista novelist Antonio M. Abad described him as "truly bohemian" poet, with a literary career that could be called "accidental."


He earned an honorable mention from the Premio Zobel in 1927 for his workLo Que Vimos En Jolo y Zamboanga: Sus Hombres y sus Cosas (What We Saw in Jolo and Zamboanga: Man and His Surroundings).


  • "De Mi Jardin Sinfonico" (1921)
  • "Vicente Blasco Ibáñez en Manila" (1924), con prólogo de José Ma. Romero Sala
  • "Lo Que Vimos En Joló y Zamboanga; Sus Hombres y sus Cosas" (1926)
  • "Cantame Un Canto en Espanol: version castellana de cantos populares, exoticos y nativos, muy modernos y muy antiguos" (1934)
  • "Mi Capa Bohemia" (1937).
  • "The Muslim world : what we saw in Jolo and Zamboanga : travel chronicles by Fernando Hernandez and J. Hernandez Gavira ; translated by Lilia Hernandez Chung (1999.


  • Brillantes, Lourdes. 81 Years of Premio Zobel: A Legacy of Philippine Literature in Spanish. Makati City:Filipinas Heritage Library, 2006.
  • Veloso, Alfredo S. "Anguish, Fulness, Nirvana," Quezon City: Asvel Publishing. 1960.

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