José de Luzuriaga

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José Ruiz de Luzuriaga was a Filipino judge, sugar planter, revolutionary and politician. Luzuriaga was a member of the Philippine Commission from 1901 to 1913.


José de Luzuriaga was born on January 10, 1843 in Bacólod in the Filipino province of Negros Occidental. His father was a Spanish colonel in the Carlist army who emigrated to the Philippines after the end of the First Carlist War in 1840 and married José's mother, Juliana Guiquin. He received private education in Bacólod and then went to the Instituto de Reyes in Manila. After completing his education, he returned to Bacolod where he became a trader and manager of the sugar plantations of the Luzuriaga family.[1]

Later he was justice of the peace and judge of the Court of First Instance (Primera Instancia). He was also a member of the provincial government and was appointed to the Visayas reform council in 1898 and became the president of the Chamber of deputies. Luzuriaga acted as an intermediary for the surrender of the Spaniards to the revolutionary forces in Bacólod on November 6, 1898. In addition, he was subsequently elected president of the temporary government of Negros.[1][2]

Shortly thereafter on 18 February he was again responsible for a peaceful transfer of power, this time to the American troops. In 1900 Luzuriaga was appointed governor of the province of Negros Occidental. In 1901 he was one of the first members of the Philippine Commission. He was the only member who was a member during the entire period that this body existed (until 1913).[1]

At the end of his life, he emigrated to Spain, where he settled in Barcelona. There Luzuriaga died in 1921 at the age of 78. He was married to Josefina Blanco with whom he had some children. Luzuriaga Street in Bacolod was named after him.[1][3][4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Doeppers, Daniel F. (April 11, 2016). Feeding Manila in Peace and War, 1850–1945. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin. ISBN 9780299305109. 
  2. Sa-onoy, Modesto P.. "History oversights", November 10, 2017. 
  3. Piccio, Belle (October 30, 2015). Bacolod's Familia Luzuriaga Cemetery: Among the Weirdest in the World. Choose Philippines.
  4. Nicavera, Erwin P.. "Luzuriaga Mausoleum: A living landmark of the past", October 31, 2017. 


  • Rosenstock's Press Reference Library, Philippine Edition, Manila, 1913