Jose Laureano de Sanz

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An illustration depicting José Laureano de Sanz, acting Governor-General of the Philippines from 13 July to 21 September 1866 (Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/La Ilustración Española y Americana)

José Laureano de Sanz y Posse[1] (4 February 1819 – 22 December 1898) was the acting Governor-General of the Philippines from 13 July to 21 September 1866.[2]

Biography

Sanz was born in Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain.[3] He was the son of Lieutenant General Laureano Sanz y Soto de Alfeirán and Leona Posse Aguiar.[4] He entered the military in July 1833, joining the Infantry Regiment of Hunters of the King at first.[5] He participated in military campaigns during the First Carlist War (1833 – 1840), siding with the Liberals.[6] There was a time during the war when he was placed under the immediate orders of his father.[7] For his valor, he was promoted numerous times, and was awarded the Cross of the Order of San Fernando, 1st Class.[8]

After the war, he continued working in the military, being assigned in various areas of the country.[9] Once, he was taken prisoner during the uprising that took place in Lugo in April 1846, but he managed to escape and participate in the campaign to retake the city.[10] He was included in the expeditionary forces that was sent to Portugal in 1847.[11] He again faced the Carlist forces in Catalonia, specifically in January 1849 in San Quirce de Besora (Barcelona).[12] For his participation in the said encounter, he was awarded another Cross of the Order of San Fernando, 1st Class.[13]

He was then assigned in different garrisons and areas across the country.[14] He was promoted as brigadier in August 1856, and as field marshal in February 1866.[15] Three months later, he was assigned as segundo cabo of the Philippines.[16] After the end of Governor-General Juan de Lara e Irigoyen’s term, he assumed the position of acting governor-general on 13 July 1866.[17] He occupied the position until he was relieved by General Ramón María Narváez because of charges that were raised against him.[18] He ended his term on 21 September 1866, with Juan Antonio Osorio assuming the position of acting governor-general.[19]

He was arrested as soon as he arrived in Spain and was prosecuted for charges of insubordination and contempt.[20] He was sentenced to one year of imprisonment.[21] He was eventually pardoned in May 1867, and was promoted as lieutenant general in 1868.[22] He was also appointed as minister of the Supreme Court of War Navy and captain general of Puerto Rico.[23]

He returned to Spain in April 1870, during which he became a deputy to the Cortes for Puerto Rico from 1871 to 1873.[24] He was appointed again as captain general of Puerto Rico in 1874.[25] He was then relieved from his office and returned to Spain, where he continued to occupy military and political positions.[26] He became senator for Puerto Rico from 1879 to 1881, and a senator for life from 1881 to 1891, 1893 to 1896, and in 1898.[27] He was granted the title Marquis of San Juan de Puerto Rico in 1883.[28] He died on 22 December 1898.[29]

References

  1. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse," accessed 18 February 2021, http://dbe.rah.es/biografias/15362/jose-laureano-sanz-posse
  2. Carlos Quirino, Old Manila, ed. María Eloísa G. Parco-de Castro, 2nd ed. (Quezon City: Vibal Foundation, 2016), 297.
  3. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  4. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  5. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  6. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  7. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  8. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  9. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  10. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  11. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  12. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  13. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  14. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  15. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  16. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  17. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  18. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  19. Quirino, Old Manila, 297.
  20. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  21. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  22. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  23. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  24. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  25. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  26. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  27. Senado de España, "SANZ Y POSSE, JOSÉ LAUREANO. MARQUÉS DE SAN JUAN DE PUERTO RICO," accessed 18 February 2021, https://www.senado.es/web/conocersenado/senadohistoria/senado18341923/senadores/fichasenador/index.html?id1=2736
  28. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."
  29. Real Academia de la Historia, "José Laureano Sanz Posse."

External links

Citation

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