José Aranguren, O.A.R.

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José Julián de Aranguren (16 February 1801 – 18 April 1861) was a Spanish archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church.

Archbishop José Julián de Aranguren was born in Barasoain, in Pamplona, Spain. He read philosophy in Pamplona and law in Zaragoza. In 1816 he entered the Order of the Augustinians Recollects at Alfaro, La Rioja. He professed the monastic vows on December 8, 1825 at the Augustinian Recollect convent of Alfaro.(Miguel, 2012)

As a professor of Sacred Theology, Father Aranguren collaborated in the formation of future priests in La Rioja, Spain. Upon arriving in the Philippines in 1829, he continued imparting the spirituality of Saint Augustine at San Nicolas convent in Intramuros, Manila. In August 1831, he oversaw the parish of Capis in Tarlac. He then served as overseer of Masinloc in 1835 after a 50-year hiatus of the Recollect ministry in the province of Zambales. The strong church building he made in Masinloc was made of hewn stones and lime. He also became a secretary for the incumbent prior provincial of the Recollect Friars in Masinloc.

After becoming the prior provincial of the Recollects himself in 1843, he was nominated to be Archbishop of Manila on November 13, 1845. He was preconized by Pope Pius IX on 9 January 1846 and his principal consecrator was the Bishop of Cebu, Romualdo Jimeno Ballesteros of the Dominican Order.

Archbishop José Julián de Aranguren started his office in 1847 after being ordained bishop on January 31, 1847. He visited almost all the parishes and mission stations of his archdiocese twice. He supported the establishment of Banco Español – Filipino [now Bank of the Philippine Islands] in the Philippines. He invited the Carmelite Sisters of Charity to Manila, and defended the rights and interests of the native secular clergy of his archdiocese.