Jejomar Binay

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Jejomar "Jojo" Cabauatan Binay (born 11 November 1942) is a lawyer and politician. He served as the 13th vice president of the Philippines, during the term of President Benigno Simeon Aquino III. Prior to vice presidency, he was mayor of Makati from 1988 to 1998 and 2001 to 2010. He was also the Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) from 1990 to 1991. He ran unsuccessfully for president in the 2016 presidential election, placing fourth behind Grace Poe, Mar Roxas, and the winner, President Rodrigo Duterte.

As a lawyer, Binay represented political prisoners during the martial law era[1] and co-founded the group of human rights lawyers called Movement of Attorneys for Brotherhood, Integrity and Nationalist (MABINI).[2] He was later detained in connection to his work with political prisoners.[3]

On 7 October 2021, Binay filed his certificate of candidacy for the 2022 senatorial elections.[4] He is running under United Nationalist Alliance, the party he founded for his 2016 presidential bid. Notwithstanding, he is part of the senatorial slates of presidential candidates Leni Robredo and Manny Pacquiao.[5]

Early life

Jejomar Binay was born on 11 November 1942 in Paco, Manila. His given name is a portmanteau of the names Jesus, Joseph and Mary. His parents were Diego Medrano Binay, librarian from Bauan, Batangas, and Lourdes Gatan Cabauatan, a school teacher from Cabagan, Isabela. He had an older brother, who died before he was born. Binay was orphaned at the age of 9. His uncle Ponciano Binay adopted him.[6]

Education

Binay received his basic education from the Philippine Normal College Training Department and the University of the Philippines Preparatory School.[7] He earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of the Philippines in 1962. He went on to study law at the University of the Philippines College of Law and graduated in 1967. He passed the bar examinations the following year.[8]

He later earned master’s degrees from the University of Santo Tomas and the National Defense College of the Philippines, where he took national security administration. He also underwent the strategic economic program of the Center for Research and Communication and took up a non-resident and general staff course at the Armed Forces of the Philippines’ Command and General Staff College. Binay also finished the senior executive fellows' program of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Binay enrolled in the land use program of the University of the Philippines, earning his diploma in 1993. In 1996, he underwent the top management program of the Asian Institute of Management in Bali, Indonesia. He also has a master’s degree in management from the Philippine Christian University and a diploma in environmental and natural resources management from the University of the Philippines Open University.

Legal career

Binay pursued human rights law upon passing the bar examination in 1968. During the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos, he represented political prisoners pro bono. He was later on detained for his work.[9]

Political career

Mayor of Makati (1988-1998; 2001-2010)

First to third terms (1988-1998)

Binay was appointed mayor of Makati by the newly proclaimed president Corazon C. Aquino on 27 February 27 1986 following the restoration of democracy with the fall of the Marcos dictatorship.[10] He replaced Nemesio Yabut, who died while in office during the People Power Revolution. He was elected mayor for the first time on January 18, 1988, and re-elected on 11 May 11 1992 and 8 May 8 1995.

While Aquino was in power, Binay was among the political figures who supported her as her administration faced mutinies staged by rogue soldiers.

Fourth to sixth terms (2001-2010)

With Binay reaching the three-term limit for mayors in 1998, he stepped down from the post. His wife, Elenita Binay, ran for mayor of the city and won, holding the position until 2001. Jejomar Binay sought reelection in 2001 and won against then-vice mayor and actor Edu Manzano. He was reelected once more in the 2004 elections, defeating 1st District councilor Oscar Ibay. In 2007, Binay ran for mayor of Makati for a sixth time since 1988 and defeated actor and incumbent senator Lito Lapid by a landslide.[11]

In October 2006, a suspension order was issued by the Department of the Interior and Local Government against Binay, Vice Mayor Ernesto Mercado and all members of the city council.[12] This was after former vice mayor Roberto Brillante, a political rival of Binay, accused the said officials of having “ghost” employees on the city’s payroll. In response, Binay shut himself into the Makati City Hall. Former president Corazon C. Aquino, actress Susan Roces (the widow of actor and former presidential candidate Fernando Poe Jr.) and a number of Catholic bishops expressed their support for Binay. The suspension order was ultimately overturned after the Court of Appeals issued an injunction order.[13]

In May 2007, the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) ordered the freezing of all the bank accounts of the Makati City government as well as the personal accounts of Binay and Vice Mayor Mercado. This was after the BIR claimed the city had not paid ₱1.1 billion in withholding taxes of the city’s employees from 1999 to 2002.[14]

The garnishment order was ultimately lifted by the Malacañang Palace after Binay was ordered to pay the amount in December 2009. Although he complied, Binay said the order was politically motivated and illegal since BIR Roberto Baquiran had no authority to issue writs of garnishment.[15]

Vice Presidency

Binay announced his intention to run for president in the 2010 elections during his birthday celebration at the Makati City Hall on November 11, 2008. However, he eventually agreed to run for vice president to give way to former president Joseph Ejercito Estrada’s attempt to return to Malacañang after he was ousted in 2001. Estrada and Binay became running mates under the PDP-Laban party.

Although Binay did not fare well in the public opinion polls, he emerged victorious in the election, defeating the popular Mar Roxas.[16]

When he assumed office on June 30, 2010, he was the first vice president to ascend to the position directly from a local government post. At 67, he was also the oldest to be elected vice president of the country.

While in office, he concurrently served as chairman of the Housing Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) and as presidential adviser for overseas Filipino workers' concerns.

Presidential Campaign

Early on, Binay was among the personalities who were perceived to be running for president in the 2016 elections.[17] In a Pulse Asia survey in September 2015, he placed third among presidential hopefuls, behind Grace Poe and Mar Roxas. After a handful of names were floated as to who would be running for vice president alongside Binay -- from PLDT Chairman Manny Pangilinan, then senator Jinggoy Estrada, Nacionalista Party President Manny Villar and then Batangas Governor Vilma Santos -- it was later determined that Senator Gringo Honasan would be his running mate.

Platform

Binay detailed his platform for his bid for the presidency in his address to the Integrated Bar of the Philippines in Cebu City on March 20, 2015. Among his priorities were the improvement of the state of state colleges and universities, public clinics and hospitals, mass housing. He said he was looking to increase the salaries and improve the benefits of public school teachers and health workers, members of the police force, and other workers in the public sector. A redesigned public transportation system was also going to be part of his agenda if elected president, Binay said.

Former Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte won the 2016 presidential election.

Post-vice presidency

Binay ran for representative of the 1st District of Makati in the 2019 elections but lost to former vice mayor Romulo Peña Jr.

Binay has spoken out against the administration of Rodrigo Duterte. He voiced his support for ABS-CBN when the network’s franchise renewal was in jeopardy in Congress and when it was ultimately denied.[18] Binay also criticized the the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020, as well as the poor response of the Duterte administration to the COVID-19 pandemic.

On July 24, 2021, Senate President Vicente Sotto III confirmed that Binay will be running for senator in the 2022 election.[19]

Personal life

Jejomar Binay is married to Elenita Sombilo Binay, a physician and former mayor of Makati. They have five children: Maria Lourdes Nancy, Mar-Len Abigail, Jejomar Erwin Jr., Marita Angeline, and Joanna Marie Blanca.

  1. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/610999/binay-presses-martial-law-human-rights-victims-to-claim-compensation Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  2. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/01/29/15/martial-law-senate-disturbs-joker-saguisag ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  3. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/610999/binay-presses-martial-law-human-rights-victims-to-claim-compensation Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  4. https://www.rappler.com/nation/elections/jejomar-binay-files-certificate-candidacy-senator-2022 Rappler. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  5. https://www.rappler.com/nation/elections/personalities-joining-pacquiao-senate-slate-2022 Rappler. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  6. https://web.archive.org/web/20140811231120/http://ovp.gov.ph/site_content.php?sid=2
  7. https://news.abs-cbn.com/botomo/05/13/09/profile-jejomar-jojo-cabauatan-binay ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  8. https://news.abs-cbn.com/botomo/05/13/09/profile-jejomar-jojo-cabauatan-binay Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  9. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/610999/binay-presses-martial-law-human-rights-victims-to-claim-compensation Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  10. http://www.worldmayor.com/essays06/makati_mayor.html Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  11. http://www.makati.gov.ph/portal/contents/city_gov/organization/admin_services/om/profile/profile.htm Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  12. https://archive.today/20120909063032/http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=363574 Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  13. https://archive.today/20120907130720/http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=363911 Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  14. https://archive.today/20120905234352/http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=397186 Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  15. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/metro/view/20070506-64422/BIR_unfreezes_Makati_funds Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  16. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/04/29/10/binay-overtakes-legarda-vp-race Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  17. http://www.rappler.com/nation/56725-binay-runaway-winner-pulse-asia-poll Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  18. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1233092/jejomar-binay-maintains-support-for-abs-cbn Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  19. https://mb.com.ph/2021/07/24/ex-vp-jojo-binay-to-run-for-senator-in-2022-under-lacson-sotto-tandem/ Retrieved September 2, 2021.