It is also popularly known as the Food Basket and Rice Granary of Western Visayas because it is endowed with fertile lands that yield bountiful harvests. Rice is the major crop in the province and fish and marine products are considered as the main sources of livelihood in the region.
Municipalities, Cities, and Barangay 
Region 6 - Western Visayas
Congressional Districts: 5
Municipalities: 42 and 1 component city
No. of Barangays: 1,721
Land Area: 466,342 has. / 4,663.42 sq. km.
Total Population: 1,936,423 (based on August 2015 Census)
Number of Households: 403,723 Families (Excluding Iloilo City)
Population Density: 415 persons/sq. km. (based on August 2015 Census)
Household Population: 1,931,532 (Excluding Iloilo City)
Annual Population Growth Rate: 1.34 (2010-2015)
The Provincial Seal 
The Provincial Seal of Iloilo had various transformations over the years but the main elements remained the same and constant. The three mountain peaks at the top of the seal signifies the separation of Iloilo from the province of Capiz and Antique. The carabao head on the left side of the seal represents agriculture. The ship and factory symbolizes commerce, trade, and industry.
On the southeastern part of the island of Panay, in the province of Iloilo, about 2/3 of Iloilo’s 46 towns speak Kinaray-a. But on the northeastern coastal towns after Iloilo City with the exception of Leganes where pockets of households speak either Kinaray-a or Hiligaynon, the latter is spoken. These coastal towns are Zarraga, Dumangas, Anilao, Banate, Barotac Viejo, Ajuy, Concepcion, San Dionisio, Estancia, Balasan and Carles. A few Kinaray-a words, however, found their way in the Ilonggo-speaking Dumangasanon and Anilaonon.
Capiz, which is on the eastern part of Panay, also speaks Hiligaynon except for some slight differences in inflection compared to Ilonggo speakers in Iloilo. The towns of Ivisan and Sapian of Capiz, which are already near Aklan, speak Ilonggo with some Aklananon words.
Guimarasnons speak Kinaray-a and Ilonggo. Even migrant folk from southern Iloilo like Guimbal and Tigbauan speak Kinaray-a. However, those coming from Barangay Navalas, Buenavista speak Ilonggo since the migrants come from Dumengas, Iloilo.
- Dinagyang Festival
- Paraw Regatta Festival
- Pintados de Pasi Festival
- Bantayan Festival
- Tampisaw Festival
- Carabao Carroza Festival
- Pandayan Festival
- Anihan Festival
- Festival of Lights
- Kalamay Festival
Famous Beaches 
- Cabugao Gamay Island
- Gigantes Island
- Pebble Beach in San Joaquin
- Marbuena Island in Ajuy
- Antonia Beach
- Bulubadiangan Island
- Agho Island
- Sicogon Island
- “Iloilo City.” PhilAtlas, https://www.philatlas.com/visayas/r06/iloilo-city.html. Accessed on January 06, 2021.
- “Quick Facts (Iloilo).” Province of Iloilo – Official Website, https://www.iloilo.gov.ph/quick-facts. Accessed on January 06, 2021.
- “About Iloilo.” Province of Iloilo – Official Website, https://www.iloilo.gov.ph/about-iloilo. Accessed on January 06, 2021.
- Magos, Alicia. “Kinaray-a, Hiligaynon, Ilonggo and Aklanon Speaking People.” National Commission for Culture and the Arts, https://ncca.gov.ph/about-ncca-3/subcommissions/subcommission-on-cultural-communities-and-traditional-arts-sccta/central-cultural-communities/kinaray-a-hiligaynon-ilonggo-and-aklanon-speaking-people/. Accessed on January 06, 2021.
- "Iloilo Festivals, Fiestas & Events." Explore Iloilo Website, https://www.exploreiloilo.com/guide/iloilo-festivals-events/. Accessed on January 06, 2021.
- Detourist, Marcos. “Iloilo’s 13 Best Beaches and Island Destinations.” Explore Iloilo, https://www.exploreiloilo.com/guide/iloilo-beaches-islands/. Accessed on January 06, 2020.