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The Kalanguya (also sometimes referred to as the Ikalahan) are an Austronesian ethnic group most closely associated with the Philippines' Cordillera Administrative Region,[1][2][3] but whose core population can be found across an area which also includes the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, and Pangasinan.[4] While this area spans Region I, the Cordillera Administrative Region, and Region II, it represents a largely geographically contiguous area.[1][5]

The term "Kallahan" is sometimes also used to refer to the Kalanguya people's native language.[6] Kalanguya was once the most spoken language in most parts of today's Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Ifugao, Mt. Province, and some parts of Nueva Ecija but is no longer due to ethnocentrism.

The Kalanguya population in Nueva Vizcaya has also been identified in anthropological literature as "Ikal-lahan".[1]

Those who reside in Tinoc and Buguias call themselves Kalangoya. Those who reside in Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino call themselves Ikalahans. In the past this ethnolinguistic group was known as Kalanggutan, Keley'I, Mandek'ey, Yatukka, or Kalangoya.[7] The Kalanguya are considered a subgroup of the Ifugao people.[8]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Cayat, Gaspar C., Manuscript on Kalanguya Cultural Communities, National Commission for Culture and the Arts, archived from the original on 2015-01-15, retrieved 2015-01-15
  2. Arsenio, Bagly and Stallsmith, Glenn. Preserving Living traditions in Live Performances: A Traditional Music and Dance Troupe of the Kalanguya of the Northern Philippines. Archived copy.
  3. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/baguio/local-news/2011/06/29/ifugao-s-kalanguya-tribe-receives-cadt-163874
  4. Archived copy.
  5. Archived copy.
  6. Himes, Ronald S. (1998). "The Southern Cordilleran Group of Philippine Languages". Oceanic Linguistics. 37: 120–177. doi:10.2307/3623282.
  7. (2005) "3 The Ikalahans", Ethnography of the Major Ethnolinguistic Groups in the Cordillera. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 52–69. ISBN 9789711011093. 
  8. (2005) "4 The Ifugaos", Ethnography of the Major Ethnolinguistic Groups in the Cordillera. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, 72. ISBN 9789711011093.