Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013

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To read this article in Filipino, see Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013.

Republic Act No. 10368 or the Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013 is a law that recognized and acknowledged victims of human rights violations during the regime of former president Ferdinand Marcos. It was signed on 25 February 2013 by President Benigno Aquino III

The law also created the Human Rights Violations Victims' Memorial Commission (HRVVMC) which is in charged of establishing and conserving a memorial museum, library, archive and compendium in honor of the martial law human rights violation victims.

Under the law, human rights violations victim (HRVV) refers to a person "whose human rights were violated by persons acting in an official capacity and/or agents of the State as defined herein." Those who suffered from human rights violations between the period of 21 September 1972 to 25 February 1986 are entitled for reparation.

The Human Rights Victims' Claims Board, which is in charge of receiving, evaluating, processing and investigating claims, was originally given two years from the effectivity of the law's implementing rules and regulations to complete its work. This covered the period from 12 May 2014 to 12 May 2016, but in April 2016, Republic Act No. 10766 was passed, which extended the life of the HRVCB for two more years until 12 May 2018.

Claimants, Reparation and Recognition

The law mandates that any person who is an HRVV may file a claim with the Board for reparation and/or reconition.

Reparation to a victim will be determined following a point system to be determined by the Board.

General Provisions

Transfer of Funds

The amount of ten billion pesos (P10,000,000,000) plus the accrued interest is set aside and appropriated to fund the law.

Documentation of Human Rights Violations Committed by the Marcos Regime

In the implementation of this Act and without prejudice to any other documentary or other evidence that may be required for the award of any reparation, any HRVV seeking reparation shall execute a detailed sworn statement narrating the circumstances of the pertinent human rights violation/s committed.

Roll of Victims

 Persons who are HRVVs, regardless of whether they opt to seek reparation or not, shall be given recognition by enshrining their names in a Roll of Human Rights Victims to be prepared by the Board.

A Memorial/Museum/Library shall be established in honor and in memory of the victims of human rights violations whose names shall be inscribed in the Roll. A compendium of their sacrifices shall be prepared and may be readily viewed and accessed in the internet. The Memorial/Museum/Library/Compendium shall have an appropriation of at least Five hundred million pesos (P500,000,000.00) from the accrued interest of the Ten billion peso (P10,000,000,000.00) fund.

The Roll may also be displayed in government agencies as maybe designated by the HRVV Memorial Commission as created hereunder.




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