Gregorio Nieva

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Gregorio Nieva (1880-1952) was a politician, businessman, eminent publisher and journalist in the pre-war era. His command of both Spanish and English enabled him to excel in the Philippine Assembly as well as in the 1st Philippine Independence Mission to the USA. He is best known for his refined and intelligent prose in the Philippine Review magazine, which he published and edited between 1916-1922. Gregorio Nieva is also known as the first Filipino Rotarian, having co-founded the Rotary Club of Manila, along with Alfonso SyCip and Gabriel LaO.

Early Life

Nieva was born on 27 November, 1880 in Boac, Marinduque. His parents were Calixto M. de Nieva and Epifania Morente.His siblings wereJuan Nieva, Victoria Nieva, Jose Nieva, Rosita Nieva de Mayuga. His parents being wealthy, the young Nieva was able to go to Manila for higher studies at the Colegio de los Jesuitas, followed by a year's stint in 1900 in Hong Kong at Victoria School and Union College, where Nieva could perfect his command of English, then the colonial language. He pursued law studies but was not able to complete them. Nevertheless he was appointed as an assistant treasurer of Marinduque in October 1901. He pursued law sutides at Escueal de Leyes del Juez Paredes fro 1903 to 1907 but was not able to complete his course.

His bilingual skill and mastery of stenography enabled him to accept the position of secretary of the First Philippine Assembly on 4 November 1907 upon hte behest of his mentor Sergio Osmeña. His exposure to the then-emerging Nacionalista Party sharpened his political skills. He served as a representative to the second Philippine Assembly between 1909-1912.

Career

After his initial term he served as private secretary of Sergio Osmeña until 1916, when he ran for the House of Representatives, representing the district of Tayabas until 1919. It was during his stint as Representative when Nieva launched his career as the publisher and editor of a bilingual magazine entitled Philippine Review, which featured regular articles by distinguished writers such as Teodoro Kalaw, Epifanio de los Santos and Trinidad Pardo de Tavera.

The monthly featured English-language articles which called for independence and a Spanish-language section called "La Revista Filipina", which continued the erudition and scholarly bent of the then defunct Cultura Filipina which ceased publication in 1915. Such was the magazine's prestige that Nieva was invited to the 33rd annual dinner of the American Newspaper Publishers Association in 1919 and Nieva's aticles were reprinted in the New York Times, Saturday Evening Post and Editor and Publisher. According to his biographer, E. Arsenio Manuel, only his peer Maximo Kalaw could surpass the prestige of his journalistic output, but no paper could parallel the success of Philippine Review which reached a worldwide audience. Nieva was also regularly invited to represent the Philippines in the World Press Congress in 1921 and 1926, where he presented the papers "The Press in the Achievement of Human Purpose in the Orient" and "News Communications in the Philippines."

Philippine Review did not prosper however and it ceased publication in December 1921. Nieva turned his attention to business and he came the president and manager of Buntal Manufactuirng Co.

He married Maria Arevalo y Lichauco on 23 November 1912. They had two children: Lourdes and Antonio Nieva. Antonio Nieva married Teresa Feria, and they had four children: Veronica (Ronie), Vicenta (Pepi), Violeta (Lolet), and Juan Antonio (Bug). Lourdes Nieva married Arturo Zamora and they had one child: Amando (Wopsy).

Nieva died on 21 July 1952.

References

  • "Nieva, Gregorio." In Dictionary of Philippine Biography, Vol IV by E. Arsenio Manuel. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications, 1995.
  • Chruchill, Bernadita. "The Philippine Independence Missons to the United States, 1919-1934." Manila: National Historical Institute, 1983.

==Bibliography+

  • La vida en nuestros pueblos by Gregorio Nieva, E. C. McCullough & co., inc., 1915
  • Realismo y estadismo, Manila, 1929.
  • De los Santos Cristobal, Epifanio. Florante y Laura, versión castellana del poema tagalo de Francisco Balagtas. Manila, published by Gregorio Nieva, 1916. 72 p.
  • Epifanio de los Santos, “Andres Bonifacio” [in Spanish], Revista Filipina, 2 (November 1917), pp.59-82, translated into English by Gregorio Nieva and published in Philippine Review, 3 (January-February 1918), pp.34-58.

Citation

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