Gliceria Marella Villavicencio
Gliceria Marella Villavicencio (b. May 13, 1852 - d. September 28, 1929) was known as an illustrious Filipina who contributed her fortune, time, efforts, intelligence, and leadership to the struggle for freedom during the Philippine Revolution. She and her husband, Eulalio Villavicencio, contributed money to support the Propaganda Movement and helped in disseminating leaflets and copies of the La Solidaridad. Born in Taal, Batangas from an affluent family, her loyalty for the Katipunan was so great that despite the imprisonment of her husband, she refused to spill out the organization's secrets. Upon the death of Eulalio, she converted their house into a headquarters for the revolutionary army. Gliceria also donated Bulusan, a family boat, to Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo which helped transport the troops to Bicol and Visayas regions. At the outbreak of the Filipino-American War, her whole family was sent to Manila, and the Americans confiscated their properties. Moreover, the house-turned-headquarters was once again converted - now, into an army hospital. Because of his enumerable contribution in the Philippine Revolution, Emilio Aguinaldo named her Madrina-General de las Fuerzas Revolucionarios (Matriarch-General of the Revolutionary Forces) on June 12, 1898.
- Ancheta, Hermina M. and Michaela Beltran-Gonzalez. Filipino Women in Nation Building - A Compilation of Brief Biographies. Quezon City: Phoenix Publishing House, Inc., 1984.
- "Southern Luzon and Bicol: Gliceria Marella Villavicencio." Unsung Heroes of the Philippines Revolution - MSC Communications Technologies, Inc. http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/hero/bicol/page12.html (accessed on July 17, 2007).